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Module IV - Skeletal System


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osteoblast
bone forming cell
osteoclast
bone resorption cell
articular cartilage
cartilage at joints
medullary cavity
contains yellow bone marrow
amphiarthrosis
joint moves slightly
diarthrosis
joint moves freely
synarthrosis
no movement
synovial membrane
secretes synovial fluid
glenohumeral joint
articulation of humerus and scapula
tendons
bands of fibrous tissue that connect muscle to bone
ligament
connect bone to bone
acetabul(o)
hip socket
acromio
end of scapula
leiomyo
smooth muscle
rhabdomyo
skeletal muscle
ankylo
bent
scoli
curved
condyl
knob/knuckle
fasci
fascia
myel
spinal cord/bone marrow
ili
ilium
ischi
ischium
pub
pubis
cartilage
a firm, elastic, flexible type of connective tissue
periosteum
fibrous membrane covering surface of bone
rachi
spine (not spondyl(o))
tenotomy
cutting into tendon
laminectomy
surgical removal of lamina of vertebrae
arthroplasty
joint repair
comminuted fracture
shattered bone fragments
compound fracture
open fracture
degenerative arthritis
arthritis with erosion of cartilage
greenstick fracture
twisting/bending not broken
osteomyelitis
inflammation of bone marrow and surrounding bone
rickets
vitamin D deficiency, skeletal disease
spondylolysthesis
degenerative vertebral misalignment/slipped disk
sprain
joint injury
strain
muscle injury
arthrodesis
surgical joint fusion
spondylosyndesis
fusion of spinal vertebrae
crest
bony ridge
process
bony projection to which muscles and tendons attach
tubercle
slight elevation on the surface of bone where muscle and tendons attachs
trochanter
bony extension near upper end of femur where muscles attach
tuberosity
large elevation on the surface of bone for the attachment of muscle and tendon
condyle
rounded surface protrusion at the end of a bone where it connects with another bone/covered with cartilage
fossa
a shallow depression or hollow
foramen
opening through bone
sinus
hollow space or cavity in bone
red bone marrow
connective tissue/red blood cell development
vomer
joins ethmoid to form nasal septum
palatine
forms hard palate and part of nasal cavity
nucleus pulposus
fibrous mass that cushion the vertebrae and help in movement and flexibility of the spinal column
true ribs
1-7
false ribs
8-12
floating ribs
11-12
complex fracture
bone seperation
Colles' fracture
distal radius fracture
ankylosis
joint stiffness
exostosis
benign outgrowth of cartilage