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Module XI Terms - Reproductive System (Male)


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spermatozoa
male gamete (sperm)
testes
male gonad/produce sperm and testosterone
Leydig cells
produce testosterone/located between seminiferous tubules
epididymis
superior aspect of testes where sperm is stored
vas deferens
duct from epididymis to ejaculatory duct at seminal vesicle
seminal vesicle
secrete alkaline meterial to nourish and help motility of sperm
prostate gland
secretes fluid as part of semen
semen
sperm and secretions from glands
Cowper's gland
bulbourethral gland/secretes alkaline fluid into semen
perineum
space between scrotum and anus
ejaculation
2-5cc of semen released containing several hundred million sperm
acrosome
covers head of sperm
balan
glans penis
orch(o)
testes
BPH
benign prostatic hypertrophy
PSA
prostate specific antigen/ screen for abnormal prostatic growth
cryptorchidism
undescended testicle
anorchia
genetic disorder/testicles absent at birth
hypospadia
urethral meatus under penis
epispadia
urethral meatus on top of penis
phimosis
narrowing of foreskin
hydrocele
fluid containing hernia of testicles
varicocele
herniated veins near testes
balanitis
inflammation of penis
azoospermia
inability to produce sperm
hernia
protrusion of tissue of it's normal anatomical locations through a weakened area of fascia
prostatitis
inflammation of prostate
Peyronie's disease
disorder marked by curvature of penis from internal organ damage
seminoma
malignant tumor of testicle arising from seminal vesicles
circumcision
removal of foreskin
orchiectomy
removal of testicle
vasovasectomy
reversal of vasectomy
castration
removal of both testicles or ovaries
anabolic steroids
androgens (testosterone)