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Module XI Terms - Reproductive System (Female)


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graafian follicle
holds oocyte during development until realeased
amenorrhea
absence of menstruation
dysmenorrhea
painful cramping during menses
menorrhagia
excessive menstrual bleeding
oligomenorrhea
scant menstrual bleeding
metrorrhagia
bleeding between cycle
menometrorrhagia
excessive and irregular bleeding
dyspareunia
painful sexual intercourse
cervicitis
inflammation of cervix
mastitis
inflammation of breasts, particularly during lactation
vaginitis
inflammation of vagina
uterine fibroids
benign uterine muscle tumors/may cause pain and bleeding
endometriosis
abnormal growth of endometrium outside of uterus (such as in the pelvis and abdominal wall)
gonorrhea
bacterial infection of cervix/mucous membranes of genitals/contagious
chlamydia
bacterial STD/often asymptomatic, abnormal discharge, burning senstion while urinating
HPV
human papiloma virus, genital warts
condyloma
genital warts
cervical dysplasia
pre-cancerous cervical cells
myomectomy
surgical removal of fibroid tumors
oophorectomy
removal of ovary
lumpectomy
removal of breast mass
mastectomy
breast removed
abortifacient
prevents implantation of zygote
oxytocin
used to induce labor
tocolytic
stop labor/magnesium sulfate/terbutaline
mastopexy
breast lift
day 1-5
menstrual bleeding
day 6-12
FSH from anterior pituitary/follicle matures/estradiol peak
day 13-14
LH released from anterior pituitary/ovulation occurs (fimbrae swell and push ovum out)/graafian follicle fills with fluid and becomes corpus luteum
estradiol
powerful type of estrogen
day 15-28
PMS/estrogen drops and progesterone peaks then levels drop
HPA axis
hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis
gravida
pregnancy
para
delivery
placenta
Nutrient-rich organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy; supplies nutrients to the fetus
climacteric
symptomatic period of time leading to monopause
perimenopause
3-5 years of decreasing and fluctuating estrogen prior to menopause
postmenopause
osteopenia/osteoporosis/dec estrogen levels
metro
uterus
perine
perineum
salping
fallopian tube
AFP
alpha fetoprotein/testing
D&C
dilation and currettage
EDC
estimated date of confinement/due date
FHT
fetal heart tones
HCG
human chorionic gonadotropin/stimulates estrogen and progesterone from corpus luteum/secreted by placenta, embryo
IUD
intrauterine device
PID
pelvic inflammatory disease/inflammation of cervix, uterus, and tubes
mammogram
xray of breasts
eclampsia
seizures in pregnancy/risks=upper right abdominal pain, severe headache, and vision and mental status changes.
placenta previa
placenta covers cervix/bleeding during second half of pregnancy
estrogen
released from ovaries (ovarian follicles and corpus luteum), stim development of sex charact, uterine wall thickening, inhibits FSH and increases LH
progesterone
released by corpus leuteum/stimulates endometrium thickening and mammary duct formation
luteinizing hormone
released from pituitary, stims oocyte maturation/inc progesterone
fallopian tube
where fertilization occurs
implantation
zygote implants in endometrium of uterus 5-7 days after ovulation
menses
estrogen and progesterone drop
corpus albicans
corpus leuteum being broken down
menarche
first ovulation
menopause
end of ovulation ~51 years
rugae
transverse folds of vaginal walls allow for expansion
lactiferous ducts
stimulated by pregnancy hormones to transport milk to the nipple
skene's duct
from Skene's glands, ducts at end of urethra, secrete fluid/highly variable anatomy
bartholin's gland
produce lubricating fluid
labia minora
folds of skin that merge to form foreskin of clitoris
labia majora
folds of skin that border the vulva
gestational diabetes
hyperglycemia around 24 weeks/pregnancy hormones cause insulin resistance
Rh isoimmunization
production by mother of antibodies against constituents of the tissues of fetus
syphilis
bacterial infection (Treponema pallidum)/STD/4 stages
FSH
follicle stimulating hormone/stimulated oocyte maturation/inc estrogen/released by anterior pituitary
oxytocin
release by pituitary/stimulates labor and lactation
myometrium
3 layers of smooth muscle
endometrium
inner mucous layer of uterus
trichomonas
protozoan parasite/STD
fimbriae
Hairlike ends of the uterine tubes that sweep the ovum into the uterus
corpus luteum
fluid-filled graafian follicle that secretes estrogen and progesterone
parturition
birth
missed abortion
fetus is dead in womb and must be surgically removed
abruptio placentae
placenta breaks away from uterine wall, requires immediate delivery of fetus
premature
birth before 37 weeks of gestation
preeclampsia
HTN/proteinuria/edema
vulva
external female genitalia
meno
menstruation
centesis
puncture
carcinoma in situ
Localized malignancy that has not spread