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Module X Terms - Urinary System


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micturation
voiding urine
calic(o)
calyx (Cup-shaped structures in the renal pelvis for the collection of urine)
meat
meatus (external opening of a canal such as the urethra)
pyel
renal pelvis
ren
kidney (not nephr)
uria
urine
ADH
antidiuretic hormone/posterior pituitary/increase water absorption
BUN
blood urea nitrogen
KUB
xray of kidney, ureter, and bladder
IVP
intravenous pyelogram: dye
pyelonephritis
inflammation of kidney (severe UTI)
nephrolithiasis
kidney stones (calculus of calcium)
nephrosis
kidney disease, edema and the loss of protein from the plasma into the urine due to increased glomerular permeability
hydronephrosis
excess fluid in a kidney due to a backup of urine/blockage
PCKD
polycystic kidney disease
uremia
Blood poisoning resulting from the retention of waste products usually excreted as urine. (azotemia)
enuresis
nocturnal urinary incontinence
nephroblastoma
(Wilm's tumor) malignant kidney tumor in children
prostate
a gland where the urethra and the ejaculatory duct meet
creatine
Substance found in urine; elevated levels may indicate muscular dystrophy
renin
enzyme produced in kidneys to regulate filtration rate of blood by increasing blood pressure as necessary
urea
Waste product of nitrogen metabolism excreted in normal adult urine.
ketonuria
indicates starvation/diabetes. acidic blood
phenylketonuria
PKU; inherited enzyme deficiency, untreated leads to mental retardation
cystocele
herniation of bladder
anuria
no urine output
albuminuria
(proteinuria) presence of albumin in urine, indicative of disease
pyuria
pus in urine indicates infection
atresia
abnormal narrowing/narrowing of ureter or urethra
Bright's disease
inflammation of glomeruli, can result in kidney failure
cystolith
bladder stone