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Condition describing two nouns, next to each other in a sentence, which are equivalent in meaning. ( my brother, Joe; Mrs. Brown, the secretary)
Verb which helps another word show voice or tense. ( I would have forgotten. She had left.)
Form of a noun or pronoun which shows its relation to other words in a sentence.
Group of words in a sentence which contains a subject and a predicate.
Cliche (Clee shay)
An expression used so often that it loses effectiveness ("bigger and better"; "let's put our shoulders to the wheel)
Change of form in adjective and adverbs to show increase in amount or quality (strong, stronger, strongest; good, better, best)
Sentence which has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. (We are happy that you came.)
That part of a letter just before the signature where the writer takes polite leave of the reader. (In formal letters, "Yours truly,";in informal letters, "Cordially"
Other words with which a given word is associated in a sentence and which determine the meaning of that word. (sheer nonsense; sheer cliff; sheer stockings)
Direct specific meaning of a word. (red as colour rather than as a sign of danger or, when capitalized as a Communist)
Effectiveness with which words are chosen by a writer or speaker to express his or her thoughts.
Use of the exact words of the speaker. (The teacher said, " Do your homework.")
Roundabout expression used instead of a more direct one which might have too harsh an effect on the reader or listener. ("short of funds" instead of "bankrupt")
Time of verb which shows a happening yet to take place. (He will retire next year.)
Listing of difficult or unusual words occuring in a book with their definitions. It is usually found in the back of a book.
Mark(-) used to join compound words (two-faced), to join certain prefixes to words (ex-president) or to separate words into syllables (En-glish).
Group of words which, taken together, has a different meaning from the individual words used separately (once upon a time).
Refers to "a" and "an."
Word that shows, without any preposition, to whom or for whom the action in the sentence is taking place. (He gave me a pen.)
Name and address of the person to whom the letter is written.
Adjective which is used before a noun in a question. (Which boy came? What book did you read?)
Adverb which is usually used at the beginning of a question. (When did you come? Where did you eat?)
Indepedent group of words containing a noun and a participle which are included as part of a sentence. (The sun shining, we left for the park.)
Case of the subject or predicate noun in a sentence. (Frank is president.)
Form of a verb which is used when the subject of the sentence receives the action. (The watch was given to Joe.)