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Level 65

Grammar Definitions: Basics IX


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demonstrative pronoun
pronoun that points out a noun or another pronoun
interrogative pronoun
pronoun that introduces a question
helping verb
a verb that helps the main verb
interjection
expresses emotion and has no grammatical relation to the sentence
complete subject
contains the simple subject and everything that goes with it
complete predicate
contains the simple predicate and everything that goes with it
complements
a word that completes the meaning of a verb
object complement
a complement that helps complete a meaning of a transitive verb by identifying the direct object
subject complement
identifies the subject after the linking verb (similar to a predicate nominative)
adjective prepositional phrase
a prepositional phrase used as an adjective
adverb prepositional phrase
a prepositional phrase used as an adverb
gerund phrase
consists of a gerund and its modifiers
infinitive phrase
an infinitive and all its modifiers
appositive phrase
has an appositive and all its modifiers
adjective clause
a subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun
noun clause
a subordinate clause that is used as a noun
adverb clause
subordinate clause that modifies a verb, adjective, or adverb
compound sentence
has two or more independent clauses and no subordinate clause
compound-complex sentence
has two or more independent clauses and at least one subordinate clause
declarative sentence
a sentence that makes a statement and ends with a period
imperative sentence
a sentence that gives a command and ends with a period
interrogative sentence
a sentence that asks a question and ends with a question mark
exclamatory sentence
a sentence that show excitement or expresses strong feeling
elliptical clause
a clause that may be left out when its meaning can be clearly understood in the context of the sentence -- most of these are adverb clauses
punctuation
the use of certain marks to clarify meaning of written material by grouping words grammatically into sentences and clauses and phrases