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a word that expresses action or a state of being
Select the verb in the sentence: Firefly is the term for the male.
is [state of being/linking]
Select the verb in the sentence: Some people call them glass lizards.
a verb that expresses either physical or mental activity
Select the action verb in the sentence: Eileen imagined the scene.
mental and physical
Name the two categories of action verbs
Identify the action verb and whether it is physical or mental: I prefer this mild rice along with the spicy gumbo.
Identify the action verb and whether it is physical or mental: I always drop a little hot pepper sauce into the pot.
linking verb [subject-linking verb-description]
a verb that expresses a state of being. It connects the subject to a word or word group that identifies or DESCRIBES the subject.
looked - links the subject [house] to a description [deserted].
Select the linking verb in the sentence: The old house looked deserted.
is - links the subject [painting] to a description [beautiful].
Select the linking verb in the sentence: Your painting is beautiful!
True or False: Some words that are used as action verbs can also be used as linking verbs if they match the [Subject]-[Linking Verb]-[Description] formula.
True or False: CHAD B SWIM identifies the helping verbs.
Name the verbs in CHAD B SWIM.
a helping verb
a verb that helps the main verb express action or a state of being
Select the helping verb in the sentence: Christopher can sing beautifully.
a phrase that contains one main verb and one or more helping verbs
select the verb phrase in the sentence: some people do not like birthday celebrations.
do like [Exclude "not," as it is an adverb that interrupts the verb phrase.]
a verb that expresses an action directed toward a person, a place, a thing, or an idea [noun or pronoun].
a verb that expresses action [or tells something about the subject] without the action passing to a receiver, or object
planted-transitive. planted what? tomatoes and onions. there is a noun to take the action and answer the "what" question.
Select the verb in the sentence, and tell whether it is transitive or intransitive: My sister and I planted tomatoes and onions.
a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
what questions will adverbs answer?
Where, when, how, how often, how long, to what extent, or how much?
rarely. rarely modifies the verb phrase "can get."
Select the adverb in the following sentence: You can rarely get tickets for this horse show.
very. very modifies "attractive," an adjective.
Select the adverb in the following sentence: Vivi rides a very attractive chestnut horse named Penny Red
true or false: many adverbs end in "ly."
True. They are formed by adding "ly" to an adjective.
true or false. all words that end in "ly" are adverbs.
False. Many adjectives also end in "ly." The easiest way to tell is to check what the word is describing. If it describes a verb or adjective, it is an adverb. If it describ…
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. [locations]
True or false: Many prepositions will fit in this sentence: "A bee flies _______ the bottle."
select the preposition in the sentence: scientists discovered a crack in the ocean floor.
in. A bee flies "in" the bottle. It shows the relationship of the crack to the ocean floor.
what three things does a prepositional phrase need?
a preposition, a noun or pronoun, and any modifiers [things that describe, such as articles, adjectives, and adverbs]
the object of the preposition
What do we call the nouns and pronouns in prepositional phrases?
under the shallow water.
Select the prepositional phrase in the sentence: The pigs found their food under the shallow water.
What things can stop a prepositional phrase?
True or false: Some words may be used as either prepositions or adverbs, depending on how they are used in the sentence.
a preposition always has an object [answers "what?"].
How can you tell if a word is being used as a preposition or an adverb?
identify the word in brackets as a preposition or an adverb: should i flip the pancake [over] yet?
over-adverb. Over what? The house? The kitchen? The dog? No answer is supplied in the sentence, so there is no object.
over-preposition. over what? the log! there is an answer to the preposition, so there is an object.
Identify the word in brackets as a preposition or an adverb: The cat chased the bird [over] the log and into the woods.
a word that joins words or word groups
coordinating and correlative
What are the two types of conjunctions?
Which type of conjunction are our FANBOYS?
What are the FANBOYS?
Which type have pairs of conjunctions that work together to join words or word groups that are used in the same way?
What are the correlative conjunctions?
joins words or word groups that are used in the same way [without pairs]
but - one of the fanboys = coordinting
Select the coordinating conjunction in the sentence: I pressed the button, but the elevator did not stop.
Select the correlative conjunction in the following sentence: The children are not only tired but also cranky.
not only_______but also. pairs used together = correlative
a word that expresses emotion
! or ,
What two ways do we usually set an interjection off from a sentence?
Select the interjection in the sentence: Oh, maybe we should wait.
Select the interjection in the sentence: Oops! I spilled juice on the floor!