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[NOT strong engine]
pass the buck
to pass responsibility for a problem to another person to avoid dealing with it oneself
[NOT strongly forbidden] : more natural than "smoking is strongly forbidden"
instead of saying "poverty causes crime", say "poverty breeds crime"
instead of "big meal"
give a ring
give me a phone call
get off the bus
alight from the bus
get off their bicycles
people who go onto someone's land or enter their building without permission will be taken to court
throw away/container used for storing or putting subjects in
dispose of_______ in the receptacle provided
make stuff redundant [no longer needed]
cuts prices drastically
spending will rocket
start dealing with it in a more severe way
to quiz someone
something unpleasant starts to happen somewhere
to submit a tender
present a document offering to do a job and stating the price
to raise capital
get money to put into a business
to go into partnership with someone
agree to start or run a business with someone
to start a business
to start up a business
the person who is mostly accused of a crime
Highly is used with probability words.
Absolutely and utterly [slightly more formal] combine with adj with very extreme meanings.
carries a feeling of deep sadness; used more in writing than in conversation
collocates words with feelings; more in writing than in conversation
collocates with unbelievable or unreasonable
with verbs, that relate to having an option
make arrangements for
The school can make arrangements for pupils with special needs
make a contribution to
She made a useful contribution to the discussion
The storm did some damage to our roof
Scouts and guides are supposed to do someone a good turn every day
do someone a good turn/a favour
do your hair
No, I'm not ready. I haven't done my hair yet
Go is used for changes in people's personality, appearance and physical abilities
Go is often used for sudden, usually negative changes
Turn collocates with colors
I would liked to become involved in raising money or charity
She fell ill and was taken to hospital
Everyone fell silent when they heard the shocking news
had/suffered a heard attack
have a child
[NOT getting crazy]
had a baby
In June, I had a baby
I'll explain what to do and then you can have a go/try
have a go/try
take a holiday
We're so glad we decided to take a holiday
took a liking to
we got off on a village when we saw one that we took a liking to
taken a dislike to
No point in staying somewhere where the boss has taken a dislike to you!
pay a compliment
I was trying to pay her a compliment but she misunderstood
pay your [last] respects
At a funeral people pay their last respects to the person who has died
When Jack retired, his boss made a speech paying tribute to all he had done for the company
start my car
[NOT begin] start is used for engines and vehicles
Begin is preferred in more formal and abstract contexts
[NOT large problems]
[NOT big size]
The film ended with the hero dying
with no one
one person on their own
used for cargoes, lorries, vans, ships, etc. and for weapons
collocates with words for things
used with abstract nouns that suggest benefit to the 'gainer'
used mainly with abstract nouns
carry mobile phone
become more relaxed or cheerful than it was
become unhappy, often because they are feeling angry
suggest lots of people moving smoothly.
people pour/stream somewhere
suggest a few people moving slowly
suggests continuous movement
stream of visitors/traffic
people disagree in an angry way
get suddenly angry
people became angry with each other
there is a lot of it and it is spectacular
blaze of glory/publicity
only sunshine, no clouds in the sky "Have had unbroken sunshine ever since we arrived
extremely hot "though in the middle of the day it's just too scorching hot to do anything but lie on the beach
Soaking up the sunshine
enjoying the sunshine "lie on the beach soaking up the sunshine."
Pouring with rain
It's been _______ all day.
heavy rain "In fact I've never seen such _______"
Soak to the skin
very wet "It's freezing cold in the tent- we all got _______ed _______"
A break in the clouds
Every half hour we look out of the tent hoping for _______
It _______ed _______ All day yesterday but it's dry at the moment
There's _______ on the sky.
Looks like rain
There's thick cloud, though, and it certainly _______
weather is getting worse "The _______ Is likely to _______ later on today"
There is a _______ on the motorway
Patches of fog
small areas of fog/mist "There are _______ on the east coast but these should lift by midday"
A blanket of fog/mist
thicker and more extensive areas of fog/mist "There is _______ on the west coast"
Heavy/fresh/crisp/thick driving snow
crisp snow= snow that is fresh and hard "The _______ Is lovely and _______ this morning"
very cold winds "He shivered his skin touched the _______"
soft winds "The wind was _______ this morning"
Wind picks up
wind gets stronger "The wind was light this morning but it's _______ing .. now and will be strong by the evening"
very unusual or unexpected "_______ hit the south-west of England"
extremely strong winds "_______-_______ caused a lot of damage to property"
Roofs were torn off
A number of buildings were destroyed, and roofs were _______
Fences were blown down
A number of buildings were destroyed, and fences were _______
Burst their banks
rivers flooded "Several rivers burst their banks after a storm"