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Grammar Definitions: Advanced XI


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reiteration
repetition of an idea using different words, phrases, or ideas for rhetorical effect
repetition
reuse of the same words, phrases or ideas for rhetorical effect, usually to emphasize a point
retraction
the withdrawl of a previously ststed idea or opinion
rhetoric
the lang. of a work and its style; words, often highly emotional, used to convince or sway an audience
rhetorical mode
a general tern that identifies discourse according to chief purpose
rhetorical stance
lang, that conveys a speaker's attitude or opinion with regard to a certain subject
romance
an extended narrative about improbable events and extraordinary people in exotic places
sarcasm
a sharp, caustic attitude conveyed in words thru jibes, taunts or other remarks. less subtle than irony
satire
a literary style used to poke fun at attack, or ridicule an idea, vice, or foible, often for the purpose of inducing change
sentiment
a synonym for view of feeling; also a refined and tender emotion in lit
sentimental
a term that describes character's excessive emotional response to experience; also nauseatingly nostalgic and mawkish
setting
an environment that consists of time, place, historical milieu and social, political, and even spiritual circumstances
stream of consciousness
a style of writing in which the author tries to reproduce the random flow of thoughts in the human mind
style
the manner in which an author uses and arraanges words, shapes ideas, forms sentences and creates a structure to convey ideas
stylistic devices
a general term reffering to diction, syntax, tone, figurative language and all other elements that contribute to the "style" or manner of a given piece of discourse
subject development
the name of a grammatical until that is comprised of predicate nominatives and predicate adjectives
subjective
(adj) of or relating to private and personal feelings and attitudes as opposed to facts and reality, opposite is objective
subtext
the implied meaning that underlies the main meaning of an essay or other work
syllogism
a form of deductive reasoning in which given certain ideas or facts, other ideas or facts must follow
symbolism
the use of one object to evoke ideas and associations not literally part of the original object
synecdote
a FOS in whic a part signifies the whole or the whole signifies the part. or when name of material stands for the thing itself (ie: pigskin & football)
theme
the main idea or meaning, often an abstract idea upon which an essay or other form of discourse is built
thesis
the main idea of a piece of discourse; the statement or proposition that a speaker or writer wishes to advance, illustrate, prove or defend
tragedy
a form of lit in which the hero is destroyed by some character flaw and by a set of forces that cause the hero considerable anguish
transition
a stylistic device used to create a link between ideas. transitions often endow discourse with continuity and coherence