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Level 344

Sentence Construction: Types of Elements


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Article
The adjectives a, an. Indefinite and the definite
Noun
A word that names a person, place, thing or idea
pronoun
A word that takes the place of a noun, a group of word acting as a noun [it, she, he, that, which]
Verb
A word that expresses action or sense of being
Adverb
A word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb by making it more specific
Preposition
A word that shows the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to another word in a sentence
conjunction
A word that joins single words or groups of words
interjection
A word or phrase that expresses emotion or exclaimation
subject
Part of a sentence comprising what the sentence is about
predicate
Tells what the subject is doing
Direct Objects
What or whom, after an action verb
Indirect objects
Answers the question to whom, for whom or for what after an action verb
Complements
A word or group of words that completes the meaning of a "be" verb
Predicate Noun
A noun or pronoun that follows a "be" verb and points back to the subject to rename it or identify it further
Predicate Adjective
An adjective that follows a "be" verb and points back to the subject and further describes it
Prepositional
A group of related words lacking a subject or predicate functioning as a part of speech
appositive
Group of related words around a noun used to rename or identify a noun/pronoun
Verbal Phrase
A verbal is derived from a verb but does not function as a verb in a sentence. Verbal phrase functions as a noun, adjective or adverb
Participial
A verb form ending in ing or ed and acts as an adjective
Gerund
A verb that ends in ing and is used as a noun
Infinitive
Verb form usually introduced by to and may be used as a noun adjective or adverb
dependent clause
Must always be accompanied by an independent clause to complete meaning
independent clause
Can stand alone as a meaningful sentence
simple
Sentence containing one or more subjects and one predicate
Compound
Sentence containing two independent clauses joined by a conjunction or semicolon
Complex
Sentence containing one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses
Compound-Complex
Sentence containing two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses
Declarative
Sentence that makes a statement
Imperative
Sentence that gives a command
Exclamatory
Sentence that makes an exclamation
Interrogative
Sentence that asks a question
Rhetorical
Sentence that asks a question without needing an answer or the answer is obvious
Sentence with subject prior to the predicate
Natural/Basic
Inverted
Sentence with predicate before the subject
Sentence which expresses the subject near the beginning and adds modifying elements at the end
Loose/Cumulative
Periodic
Sentence which expresses the subject after all modifying parentheses or commas
Parallel
Sentence with structural similarity so that elements of equal importance have equal development
Balanced
Sentence constructed so as to emphasize a similarity or difference between two or more parts [words, phrases, clauses]