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Suffixes


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ize
verb suff. to make, conform to, approximate to the root [<-ίζειν]
ic
Adj. suff. after the manner of, pertaining to, of the nature of [Fr. -ique < -icus, -ικός]
atic
adj. suff. of the kind of [< -aticus]
age
noun suff. indicating a functional relationship [< -aticum]
id
noun suff. indicating a relation by class, dynasty, genus, etc. [< -idus]
-ian [-an]
noun & adj. suff. of or belonging to a class [< -[i]anus]
-oid [-oidal]
noun & adj. suff. having the form of [but not identical to] [> -οειδής]
ia
noun suff. forming abstract nouns [became French -ie, which became Eng. -y - biology - a state, condition, quality, activity, result]
ist
noun suff. the agent, doer of the stem [>-ίζειν]
-er [-or, -ar]
noun suff. added to noun an verb stems to denote an agent [>arius]
ad
noun suff. collective numerals; feminine patrynymic [> -άδ-α]
ode
noun suff. of the nature of [> -ώδης]
ion
noun suff. denoting the condition or state of being [> Fr. -ion > -io]
ism
noun suff. forming a noun of action [related to the verb with -ize]; forming a term denoting a theory, characteristic, or practice [> Fr. -isme > -ismus > -ισμός]
ics
noun suff. science, knowledge of; operations of [forming nouns from adjs. in -ic] [> Fr. -ique > -ica > -ικός]
ide
noun suff. chemical [also -ine, -ane, -ene, -yne] [> Fr. -ide > -id]
ol
noun suff. chemical compounds related to oil [> ol[eum]]; also -ole
itis
noun suff. inflammation of [> -ῖτις]
osis
noun suff. condition, process, [abnormal or diseased condition] [> -ωσις]
iasis
noun suff. pathological condition [> -asis, -ᾱσις]
iatric
noun suff. relating to medical practice [-ιατρικός]
oma
noun suff. swelling, tumor [> -ωμα]
sis
noun suff. nouns of action [> -σις]
ate
noun/adj/verb suff. denoting an office or function [-atus]; forming causative verbs from the Latin ppl; forming verbs from the Latin first conjugation
ite
noun/adj/verb. suff. names of persons as inhabitant of a place or follower [< -ίτης]; adjectives and verbs formed from Latin ppl. -itus
fy
verb suff. to make [> -ficare]; corresponding to the noun suff. -fication [rarely -faction]
-[i]fic
adj. suff. to be made [> -ficus]
esce
verb suff. to become [> -escere]
escent
adj. suff. inceptive adjectives, corresponding to verbs in -escere
tude
noun suff. abstractions [> -tudo]
-[i]ty
noun suff. nouns denoting quality or condition [> -itas]
iety
noun suff. quality or state indicated by the root [> - ietas]
y
adj. suff. having the quality of the noun [> Germ. -ig]
al
noun & adj. suff: adjs. formed on analogy with L. secondary adjs. in -alem; adjs. in -al used substantively.
y
noun suff. state, condition [> French -ie > Latin -ia > ία]
ion
noun suff. condition, action [> abstract nouns in -io]
ation
noun suff. nouns of action from pples. in -atus or verbs in -ίζειν
ary
noun & adj. suff. belonging to, pertaining to, engaged in [> -arius]
or
noun suff. nouns of condition [-our in B.E.]; nouns of agency [> -[t]or]
arium
noun suff. connected with a thing; a place for [> -arium [n. of -arius]]
orium
noun suff. establishment in which something is conducted [> n. -orium]
ory
noun suff. place or instrument used [> -orium, -oria, sometimes formed on the ppl. of verbs]
-cle, -cule, -culus
noun suff. forming diminutives [> -culus]
ure
noun suff. action or process [> Fr. -ure > -ura]
ment
noun suff. the result or product of a verbal root [> -mentum > -men]
ence
noun suff. abstract nouns of quality or action from pples [> -entia]
ance
noun suff. abstract nouns of quality or action [> Fr. -ance > -entia]
ancy
noun suff. reformation of -ance denoting quality, state, or condition]
ency
noun suff. reformation of -ence denoting quality or state [> -entia]
ous
adj. suff. abounding in, full of [> -osus]
eous
adj. suff.composed of, having the character of [> -eus]
ane
adj. suff. pertaining to [> Fr. -ain > -anus]
An
adj. suff. pertaining to [> -anus] cf. -ian
ar
noun and adj. suff. pertaining to [> -aris]
ine
adj. suff. pertaining to [> -inus]
ive
adj. suff. having tendency toward or quality of [> -ivus, added to the ppl of verbs]
ivity
noun suff. forming abstract nouns corresponding to adjs. in -ive [> -ive + -ity]
ose
adj. suff. full or abounding in [> -osus]
ulous
adj. suff. full or abounding in [> -ul- + -osus]
ensis
adj. suff. where found
able
adj. suff. capacity for or cabability of being subjected to [> Fr. -able > -abilis]
ble
adj. given to, tending to, able to [> -bilis, after consonant stems -i-bilis; after vowels and always from Fr. > -able]
ile
adj. suff. > -ilis
-andum, -endum
adj. and noun suff. ought to be done [> -ndus, a, um]
escent
adj. and noun suff. coming into a state of being [> ppl. of inceptive verbs in -escere]
fic
adj. suff. making [> facere]
colous
adj. suff. inhabitant [> -cola + -ous]
ferous
adj. suff. carrying, having [> ferre]
gerous
adj. suff. bearing [> gerere]
parous
adj. suff. giving birth to [> parire]
vorous
adj. suff. feeding on [> vorare]
cy
in Latin -cia, -tia, Greek -κια, -κεια, -τια, -τεια, but separate in meaning from -ia; -t- became -i- in words like infantia > infancia > infancy. Most often in -acy, -a[e]ncy, -mancy, -cracy; by analogy = -ship.
ship
adj. the office or role of
ness
noun suff. abstract nouns from adjectives, often the state of, or condition of.
-able, -ible
able to be; capable of being
ade
action or process
age
action or process
-al, -ial
of; like; relating to; suitable for
ance
act; process; quality; state of being
ant
one who
ary
of; like; relating to
ate
characteristic of; to become
small
-cle, -icle
cy
fact or state of being
dom
state or quality of
ence
act or state of being
ent
doing; having; showing
er
one who; that which
ery
place for; act, practice of
like
esque
ess
female
ic
relating to; characteristic of
ify
to make; to cause to be
ion
act, condition, or result of
ish
of or belonging to; characterized by
ism
act, practice, or result of; example
ity
condition; state of being
ive
of; relating to; belonging to; tending to
ize
make; cause to be; subject to
let
small
like
like; characteristic of
logy
study or theory of
ly
every
ment
Action or Process
ness
state or quality of being
or
One who
ous
having; full of; characterized by
ship
state or quality of being
some
like; tending to be
tude
state or quality of being
y
Characterized by
able
worth, ability
ade
act, action
age
action, process
al
relating to
an[-ian]
relating to, person
ant
agent
ar
resembling
ary
thing belonging to
ate
cause to be
ation
action
cide
to kill, to cut
ed
past tense
ent
inclined to
er
a person
gen
a producer
ic
quality, relation
ical
pertaining to
ile
tending to
ion
condition
ism
doctrine, belief
ist
person
ity
state, quality
ive
having the quality of
ly
in the manner of
ment
condition
oid
resembling
ology
study of
or
a person who
ous
full of
tion
state, condition
sis
action, process
ure
action, condition
y [n]
state, condition
y [adj]
marked by