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Level 31

Grammar Definitions: Basics III

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First person
The speaker.
Second person
The person being spoken to.
Third person
The person being spoken about.
A group of words. A term normally used for words that go naturally together e.g. the other day.
Main verb
An ordinary verb. A doing verb.
Auxiliary verb
A verb that combines with a main verb to form different tenses.
Points more precisely to the person, thing or idea to which reference is being made.
Joins two or more nouns or clauses to each other.
Direct object
A noun phrase that is the recipient of the action of a transitive verb.
Transitive verb
A verb with an object.
Intransitive verb
A verb without an object.
Ditransitive verb
A verb with both a direct and indirect object.
Describes the rules of how sentences are constructed.
Part of a clause that contains a verb and states something about the subject.
Adjectival Noun
An adjective can sometimes function as a noun; the young, the rich, etc. These are adjectival nouns, meaning the people who are young, the people who are rich, etc.
Adverb Spelling Notes
i) Adjectives ending –l still take –ly; careful–carefully., ii) Adjectives ending –y change to –ily; lucky–luckily, iii) Adjectives ending –ble change to –bly; responsible–responsibly
Adverbs of Place or Location
Adverbs of place show where the action is done., Eg: They live locally.
Adverbs Modifying Determiners, Numerals & Pronouns
Adverbs such as almost; nearly; hardly; about, etc., can be used:, Eg: Almost everybody came in the end.
Adverbs Modifying Nouns
Adverbs can modify nouns to indicate time or place., Eg: The concert tomorrow, Eg: The room upstairs
Attributive Adjectives
An attributive adjective comes before a noun and not after a copula verb, like BE, SEEM, etc., See Also: Predicative Adjective; Adjective
the word the pronoun is replacing.
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they, us, them, her, him
End with self and selves
Indefinite pronouns always plural
Both, Many, Several, Few