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Level 298

Grammar Definitions: Advanced VI


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Cacophony
The use of words that have a harsh or discordant sound due to the presence of letters such as c, k, g, b, and p.
Consonance
The repetition of consonant sounds in a series of words.
Euphony
The use of words that have a pleasing or melodic sound due to letters such s, l, m, w, and v.
Hyperbole
An overexageration to show intensity of feeling.
Metaphor
A direct comparison betwen two unlike things.
Onomatopoeia
The sound of a word resembles its meaning
Oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines words of opposite meaning.
Rhyme
The repetition of the same sound in different words. The most common form of rhyme is end rhyme which occurs at the end of the lines of poetry
Simile
A comparison between two unlike things using like, as, or than.
Tone
The attitude the writer expresses in the narrative.
Compound–Complex Sentence
Contains at least two independent clauses and a subordinate clause
Run–on sentence
Occurs when two or more independent clauses are mistakenly joined together without a co–ordinating conjunction or correct punctuation
Subject–verb agreement
Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in singular or plural form
ad hominem
directed to or appealing to feelings or prejudices instead of to intellect or reason
adage
a saying or proverb containing a truth based on experience and often couched in metaphorical language., ex: "There is more than one way to skin a cat"
allegory
a story in which a 2nd meaning is to be read beneath the surface
ambiguity
a vagueness of meaning; a conscious lack of clarity meant to evoke multiple meanings or interpretations
anachronism
a person, scene, event, or other element that fails to correspond with the appropriate time or era., ex: Columbus sailing to the US
analogy
a comparison that points out similarities b/w two dissimilar things; , extended analogy a passage that points out several similarities b/w two unlike things
anecdote
a brief narrative often used to illustrate an idea or make a point
annotation
a brief explanation, summary, or evaluation of a text or work of lit.
antagonist
a character or force in a work of lit that, by opposing the protagonist, produces tension or conflict
antithesis
rhetorical opposition or contrast of ideas by means of a grammatical arrangement of words, clauses, or sentences
aphorism
a short, pithy statement of a generally acepted truth or sentiment , (see adage and maxim)
Apollonian
in contrast to Dionysian, it refers to the most noble, godlike qualities of human nature and behavior