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Level 288

Finite Verb Clauses


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adjectival clause
modify nouns an are constituents of noun phrases
adverbial clause
almost all forms of subordinating clauses; that which introduce time, place, manner, cause or condition are included.
complex sentence
a sentence contatining a least two clauses: one independent and on or more dependent
compound sentence
two or more simple sentences joined by a coordinating conjunction
compound-complex sentence
a sentence containing tow or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clauses
dependent clause
contains a subject and a finite verb that cannot stand alone; tells why it is happening
finite verb
a verb that is inflected to show tense
independent clause
contains a subject and a finite verb that can stand alone; tells what is happening
main clause
a clause that can stand alone as a sentence
nonrestrictive relative clause
relative clauses that simply supply additional information about a referent that is already precisely identified
Relative Adverb
refers to a preceding noun phrase, and introduces a relative clause that modifies a noun; express time, place, or reason
relative clause
adjectival clauses that are preceded by their antecedents
relative pronoun
join dependent clauses to main clauses and also have a complete subject and a complete predicate
restrictive relative clause
relative clause that help to identify specific referents
simple sentence
a sentence containing one independent clause: one subject and one predicate.
subordinate clause
a dependent clause beginning with a subordinating conjunction
adjective complement
NP constituents of an ADJP
appositive
a noun phrase that renames another noun phrase, usually follows immediately
appositive clause
the clause including an appositive
complementizer
a word that creates a dependent clause that can substitute for a noun phrase sentence constituent
direct discourse
direct quotations; the exact words of the quotation are used and surrounded by quotation marks
elliptical clause
incomplete clauses deleted from the subordinate clauses eliminating repetition leaving concise, tightly organized statements
fragment
a dependent clause, set off by a capital letter and a period as though it were an independent sentence
indirect discourse
discussion/conversation when the words, specifically pronouns and tenses may be changed; no quotations needed
interrogative clause
a nominal clause that usually involves a question, directed either to oneself or to another about an unknown
that-clause
functions as a complement; a constituent that helps to "complete" the sentence