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Level 287

Grammar Definitions: Advanced V


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has have, had
Recite the 3 AUXILIARY HAVE verbs
Past participle verb
What type of verb always follows AUXILIARY HAVE?
am, are, is, was, were, being, been
Recite the 6 AUXILIARY BE verbs.
Recite the 6 AUXILIARY BE verbs
am are is, was were, been
A present participle verb
What type of verb always follows AUXILIARY BE?
do, does, did
Recite the 3 AUXILIARY DO verbs
An infinitive (uninflected) verb
Which type of verb always follows AUXILIARY DO?
An infinitive (uninflected) verb
True or False: All of the auxiliary verbs (Modals, Aux Have, Aux Be, Aux Do) can co-occur with each other.
FALSE: AUXILIARY DO never co-occurs with any other auxiliary verbs
True or False: All of the auxiliary verbs (Modals, Aux Have, Aux Be, Aux Do) can co-occur with each other
What is the ASPECT of a verb?
The relation between the time that a sentence is uttered and the time that the situation described in the sentence occurred.
The Present Perfect Aspect
(e.g. "has eaten") Aspect that indicates that the situation described in the sentence began at some point earlier than the utterance time (expressed through AUXILIARY HAVE)
The Past Perfect Aspect
(e.g. "had eaten") Aspect that indicates an activity or situation that ended earlier than some other past time (formed by using a past-tense form of AUX HAVE)
The Present Progressive Aspect
(e.g. "is eating") Aspect that indicates an activity in progress (form of AUX BE)
The Past Progressive Aspect
(e.g. "was eating") Aspect that indicates an activity that was in progress in the past (formed by using a past-tense form of AUX BE)
The Future Progressive Aspect
(e.g. "will be eating") Aspect that indicates an activity that will take place in the future (formed by using "will" followed by "be" and a present participle)
The Past Perfect Progressive Aspect
(e.g. "had been eating") Aspect that indicates states or activities that were in progress up to some past time.
The Future Past Progressive Aspect
(e.g. "will have been eating") Aspect that indicates progressive states or activities that will end in the future.
[X broke Y]; "Chris punched Eric."
Explain ACTIVE VOICE and give an example
Explain PASSIVE VOICE and give an example
[Y was broken by X]; "The car was dented by the pole."
What is the PS rule for SENTENCES?
[S --> NP - VP] "All grammatical 'kernel' sentences in English consist of an NP followed by a VP."
Alliteration
The repetition of the initial consonant sound in a series of words. It adds rhythym or emphasizes emotion.
Allusion
References to events oe characters from history, myth, religion, literature, pop culture etc.
Assonance
The repetition of vowel sounds in a series of words to add a musical effect.
Atmosphere
The overall emotional impression of the novel. The author creates an atmosphere, or mood, by developing a strong sense of place and time.