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Level 276

Grammar Definitions: Advanced IV


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Ignore?
TRUE (e.g. time, personality, experience, exercise, and work)
True or False: Some nouns can function as both count and noncount nouns
Zero Inflection
When no suffix is added to a word to signal the plural form.
Reflexive Pronouns
Pronouns characterized by the suffix [-self] or [-selves]. (e.g. myself, yourself, himself, themselves, ourselves)
What are the RECIPROCAL pronouns?
"each other" and "one another"
What are the DEMONSTRATIVE pronouns, and what do they do?
"this", "that", "these", and "those"; these words can actually function either as determiners or pronouns
What are INDEFINITE pronouns?
A group of words that generally indicate quantity or amount (e.g. all, any, most, much, neither, each, little, one, several, etc.)
Main Verb
The rightmost verb in a simple sentence.
Infinitive Verb
The basic or "pure" (uninflected) form of a verb, usually follows the word "to" (e.g. to go, to win, to walk)
Which of the 5 PRINCIPLE PARTS is identified by the following frames:
The basic or "pure" (uninflected) form of a verb, usually follows the word "to" (eg to go, to win, to walk)
Weak/Regular Verbs
Verbs that form their past tense by adding an [-ed] inflection (e.g. walked, mailed, married)
Strong/Irregular Verbs
Verbs that typically form their past tense by an internal vowel change rather than by the addition of a suffix (e.g. sang, ran, fell)
What is the easiest way to identify the PRESENT PARTICIPLE of a verb?
It's a word that always ends in [-ing] (e.g. running, walking, being, etc.)
Which of the 5 PRINCIPLE PARTS is identified by the following frame:
It's a word that always ends in [-ing] (eg running, walking, being, etc)
The Predicate Of A Sentence
The part of a sentence that contains the verb plus its object (direct or indirect) and other various modifiers.
Transitive Verbs
Verbs that occur with a direct object.
Intransitive Verbs
Verbs that don't occur with a direct object.
Direct object
The entity or thing that is affected by the action described by the verb.
Indirect Object
The word(s) that identify the recipient or beneficiary of the action described by the verb.
Object Complement
An item that "completes" or "fills in" information about the direct object.
What are the LINKING VERBs, and what do they do?
Forms of "to be" and "seem, feel, look, appear, taste, smell, sound";
Preposition
PARTICLE or PREPOSITION?: "I don't think they have DECIDED ON a name"
Particle
PARTICLE or PREPOSITION?: "He BROUGHT UP an unpleasant subject at the meeting"
Recite the 5 MODALS (should take 2 seconds)
can could may might shall should will would must
An infinitive, or uninflected, verb
What type of verb follows a MODAL?
An infinitive, or uninflected, verb
Recite the 3 AUXILIARY HAVE verbs.