Level 256 Level 258
Level 257

Grammar Definitions: Advanced II


25 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
End focus
The common rhythm pattern in which the prominent peak of stress falls on or near the final sentence slot.
Hedging
A metadiscourse signal that helps readers interpret the writer’s degree of certainty: perhaps, possibly, might, seems, etc.
Nominalization
The process producing a noun by adding derivational affixes to another word class, commonly a verb: legalize-legalization; regulate-regulation; friendly-friendliness.
Pronoun
A word substituting for a noun phrase (e.g. I, me, you, he, she, it, they, etc.)
Preposition
A connecting word that links a noun and its modifiers to the sentence (e.g. in, on, around, after, before, up, upon, etc.)
Conjunction
A connecting word that links a subject and predicate to the sentence (e.g. and, but, or, nor, for, yet, so, because, although, if, when, before, after, etc.).
Interjection
A word grammatically unconnected to the rest of the sentence, often expressing intense emotion (e.g. Oh! Hey! Wow!)
What kinds of words are included in the auxiliary structure class?
Helping verbs (e.g. have, be, do) and the modal verbs can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must.
What kind of words are considered determiners?
Articles (a, an, the); demonstratives (this, that, these, those); quantifiers (e.g. one, two, some, many, few, a few, etc.); and possessives (e.g. my, his, her, their).
e.g. rather, somewhat, very.
What are some examples of qualifiers?
What kinds of words are included in the relative structure class?
relative pronouns (e.g. who, whom, which, that) and relative adverbs (when, where).
Noun
A word that names a person, place, or thing.
If the word takes the pluralizing suffix -s and/or the possessive suffix -'s.
How can you use the INFLECTION test to tell if a word is a NOUN?
How can you use the DERIVATION test to tell if a word is a NOUN?
If it has the noun-making affix [-ment] or [-ion] OR if may take the suffix [-ful] to make an adjective.
What is the CO-OCCURRENCE test for a NOUN?
If the word fits into the following frame:
Nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs
What are the 4 form classes?
Nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs
Define FORM CLASSES and tell why they're so named.
Define FORM CLASSES and tell why they're so named
Classes of words that carry the primary meaning in a sentence. They are called FORM CLASSES because they change "form" (e.g. boy/boys)
Define STRUCTURE CLASSES and tell why they're so named.
Classes of words that carry the primary meaning in a sentence They are called FORM CLASSES because they change "form" (eg boy/boys)
What are the 5 structure classes?
Pronouns, conjunctions, auxiliary verbs, determiners, and prepositions.
Affix
A form that can be attached to the beginning or end of a word, typically a noun, verb, adjective, or adverb.
Prefix
An affix attached to the beginning of a word.
Suffix
An affix attached to the end of a word.
Inflection
A suffix that modifies the form of a noun, verb, or adjective, without changing the class of the word.
Name the 2 inflectional affixes that go with NOUNS and give an example of each.
A suffix that modifies the form of a noun, verb, or adjective, without changing the class of the word