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Any member of a class of words that can function as the main or only elements of subjects of verbs or objects of verbs or prepositions.
Always has a capital letter and refers to one particular person or place.
Not a proper noun.
The name of things you can point to, see or touch [e.g chair]
Qualities or concepts
Has a singular and plural form [e.g woman/women]
Cannot be counted [e.g furniture, honesty]
Describes a 'group' or 'collection' [e.g committee, audience]
Used to modify nouns
These are doing words.
Gives information about whether they are happening in the past, presets or future depending on their form.
'Helping' verbs, giving information about tense.
[E.g "Vince painted the bedroom"]
The subject has the action done do it. [E.g "The bedroom was painted by Vince"]
These modify verbs, adjectives and other adverbs, but NOT nouns.
Adverbs of Manner
Tells how something is done. [E.g "He ate his Apple noisily."]
Adverbs of Time
Tells when something was done. [E.g "He did it yesterday."]
Adverbs of Place
Tells where something is done. [E.g "I left the book here."]
Marked by a capital letter at the beginning and a full-stop at the end. This sentence is capable of standing alone. [E.g "The cat sat on the mat."]
Elements of the basic clause structure have been omitted. [E.g "See you!"]
Most sentences have a verb and at least one noun. Sometimes a noun will come after a verb. In English, the normal word order of a simple sentence is SV, or SVO.
A simple sentence can also be clause. A clause must have a verb.
A sentence that has more than one subject. [E.g "I hit him and I made his nose bleed."]
A sentence containing one or more dependent clauses in addition to the main clause.
character, action, or situation that is a pattern or prototype of human life
people or animals who take part in literary work
central character in literary work
a suddenly perceived piece of information
word choice used to convey a certain effect in literary work
dictionary definition of a word
feeling and attitudes associated with a word
speech of a particular region or group
words/phrases that are less expressive or direct
phrase or expression having a meaning different from the literal
words/phrases used to represent persons, objects, actions, feelings, or ideas descriptively by appealing to the senses
repetition of vowel sounds in a series of words
repetition of a consonant sound with a series of words
several consecutive or neighboring words with the same sound
comparison of two different things or ideas through the use of like or as
comparison of two unlike things not using like or as
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well- formed sentences in a language
a kind of metaphor that gives inanimate objects or ideas human characteristics
use of words that mimic the sounds they describe [hiss]
use of any object, person, place, or action that has a meaning in itself while standing for something larger than itself. [light/dark] dark meaning evil
repetition of sounds in two or more words of phrases - mary had a little lamb
the act of repeating words or phrases
scene that interrupts the action of a work to show a previous event
use of hit or clues in a narrative to suggest future action
the quality of a short story, novel, play, or poem that make the reader uncertain or tense about the outcome
point of view
change or movement in a piece resulting from an epiphany, either by speaker, character, or reader
figure of speech
words or phrases that describe one thing in terms of something else [simile, metaphor, personification]
writer's or speaker's attitude toward a subject, character, or audience primarily through the choice of diction, imagery, figurative language details, syntax
form of metaphor closely relating to something it is associated with
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
A story in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
A comparison using like or as
figure of speech comparing two different things
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
A short account of an interesting or humorous incident
Choice of words
a play on words
A narrative device that hints at coming events; often builds suspense or anxiety in the reader.
purposeful exaggeration for effect