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Pronouns


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This that these those
Demonstrative Pronouns
Interrogative Pronouns
What which who whom whose
Reflexive Pronouns
Refer to the subject and is necessary to the meaning
Intensive Pronouns
emphisize a noun or pronoun but is not necessary to the meaning
indefinite pronouns
These pronouns are very vague. These are pronouns that do NOT refer to a definite person, place, thing or idea.
antecedent
the word that a pronoun stands for
personal pronoun
A pronoun designating the person speaking, the person spoken to, or the person or thing spoken about .
case, gender, and number
Personal pronouns have different forms depending on their_______
demonstrative pronouns
Pronouns that point to specific things
reflexive pronoun
These pronouns [which have the same forms as the intensive pronouns] indicate that the sentence subject also receives the action of the verb.
intensive pronoun
A pronoun that is used to add emphasis to a statement. They have the same forms as reflexive pronouns.
interrogative pronoun
A pronoun that is used in order to ask a question. Often it has no antecedent because the antecedent is unknown
relative pronoun
used as the subordinating word[conjunction] to introduce a subordinate clause
definite relative pronoun
a relative pronoun that refers to an antecedent, as who in It was I who told you.
indefinite relative pronoun
a relative pronoun without an antecedent, as whoever in They gave tickets to whoever wanted them.
I, she, he it
singular, nominative case, personal pronouns
we, they
plural, nominative case personal pronouns
you
personal pronoun that always takes a plural verb
me, her, him, it
singular, objective case, personal pronouns
us, them
plural, objective case, personal pronouns
my, mine, his, her, hers, its
singular, possessive case, personal pronouns
our, ours, their, theirs
plural, possessive case, personal pronouns
your, yours
both singular and plural, possessive case. personal pronouns [decided by use in the sentence]
singular, indefinite pronouns
anybody, everybody, nobody, somebody, anyone, one, anything, something, another, enough, less, other
plural, indefinite pronouns
both, few, fewer, many, several, others
all, any, most, some, none, such, more
indefinite pronouns whose number is determined by its use in the sentence
this, that
singular, demonstrative pronouns
these, those
plural, demonstrative pronouns
myself, herself, himself, itself, yourself
singular reflexive/intensive pronouns
ourselves, yourselves, themselves
plural reflexive/intensive pronouns
relative pronouns
that, which, who, whom, and whose
who, what, which
nominative case, interrogative pronouns
whom, what, which
objective case, interrogative pronouns
whose
possessive case, interrogative pronouns
personal pronoun
changes form depending on who or what the role it plays in a sentence.
subject pronoun
tells who or what the sentence is about.
pronoun
takes the place of the noun [example_______ I, you, we, they, it, she, or he]
demonstrative pronoun
points out people, places or things.
possessive pronoun
shows possession or ownership [example_______ That car is MINE.]
indirect object
tells whom, what or for what the action is done.
possessive adjective
shows possession [example_______ That's MY car.]
follows a preposition
object of a preposition
direct object
the receiver of the action of the verb [example_______ I love HER.]
object pronoun
may be used as an object verb [example_______ I gave HER my book.]
Pronouns
It takes the place of the nouns.
Nominative Pronouns
It is the pronoun that function as the subject and as the predicate in the sentence.
Subject Nominative
They congratulated the winner graciously. Is it a Subject or Predicate Nominative?
Subject Nominative
It ruined our picnic. Is it a Subject or Predicate Nominative?
Subject Nominative
She gave me a beautiful wallet. Is it a Subject or Predicate Nominative?
Predicate Nominative
The hope of our country is you. Is it a Subject or Predicate Nominative?
Predicate Nominative
The key to our success is he. Is it a Subject or Predicate Nominative?
Predicate Nominative
The persons who contributed to the nation's growth are they. Is it a Subject or Predicate Nominative?
Predicate Nominative
It comes immediately after the be verbs: is, are, was, and were.
Object Pronouns
It is the pronouns that can be direct or indirect.
us
The host led us to our seats. What is the Object Pronoun?
them
The coach called a foul on them. What is the Object Pronoun?
demonstrative pronouns
point out the person or thing refered to
This
What Demonstrative Pronouns are you going to use for a singular thing that is near you?
These
What Demonstrative Pronouns are you going to use for a plural thing that is near you?
That
What Demonstrative Pronouns are you going to use for a singular thing that is far from you?
Those
What Demonstrative Pronoun are you going to use for a plural thing that is far from you?
Those
What Demonstrative Pronoun are you going to put on the blank? _______ papers are for sale. [far]
This
What Demonstrative Pronouns are you going to put on the blank? _______ house is near the school [near]
Possessive pronouns
What do you the pronoun that shows ownership or possession?
Mine
These presents are mine. What is the Possessive Pronouns?
yours
Those books are yours. What is the Possessive Pronouns?
hers
This bag is hers. What is the possessive Pronoun?
Personal Reference
somebody [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Personal Reference
someone [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Personal Reference
anybody [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Personal Reference
anyone [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Personal Reference
nobody [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Personal Reference
no one [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Non - Personal Reference
everything [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Non - Personal Reference
something [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Non - Personal Reference
anything [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Non - Personal Reference
nothing [ personal or non-personal reference ]
indefinite pronouns
Pronouns that is a subtitle for definite names and number of people, places and objects,
Personal Reference
everybody [ personal or non-personal reference ]
Personal Reference
everyone [ personal or non-personal reference ]
pronoun
a word that takes the place of a noun, can be used in a sentence in places a noun would be used: subject, predicate nominative, direct object, indirect object, object of preposition, or appositive
the six types of pronouns
personal, interrogative, demonstrative, indefinite, compound, and relative
personal pronouns
refer to the speaker, the person spoken to, and the person spoken about
personal pronouns
examples are: I, me, we, us, my, mine, our, ours
personal pronouns
examples are: you, your, yours
personal pronouns
examples are: he, she, it, they, him, her, them, his, hers, its, their, theirs
interogative pronouns
used to ask a question
Singular
the tense of the indefinite pronouns: each, either, neither, one, everyone, everybody, no one, nobody, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody
Plural
the tense of the indefinite pronouns: both, few, several, many
either singular or plural
the tense of the indefinite pronouns: some, any, none, all, most
compound pronouns
pronouns combined with -self or -selves
relative pronouns
used to introduce dependent clauses
relative pronouns
examples are: who, whom, whose, which, that
singular, singluar
doesn't, isn't, and wasn't are _______ and must be used with _______ subjects.
plural, plural
don't, aren't, and weren't are _______ and must be used with _______ subjects.
subject, predicate nominative
the verb agreees with the _______ not the _______.
number
a pronoun must agree with its antecedent in _______.
Plural
pronouns that refer to compound antecedents joined by and are usually _______.
relative pronoun
agrees with its antecedent in number and so detirmines its own clause
masculine, common
antecedents of the _______ and _______ genders are referred to by he, him, his.
feminine
antecedents of the _______ gender are referreed to by she, her, hers.
neuter
antecedents of the _______ gender are referred to by it, its.
neuter
antecedents that are the names of animals are generally referred to by _______ pronouns.
ambiguous
having two or more possible meanings
implied reference
means that the antecedent is not actually stated but must be inferred from other words in the sentence
indefinite
avoid the _______ use of it, you, they.
definite
it should always have a _______ antecedent.
you
do not use _______ unless speaking specifically to the reader.
definite plural
do not use they unless it has a _______ antecedent.
nominative, objective, possessive
the three different cases of pronouns
nominative
the case of pronouns which includes: I, he, she, we, they, who, whoever, you
nominative
the case of pronouns used for subjects and predicate nominatives
appositive
a pronoun used as a[n] _______ must be in the same case as the word to which it refers.
I
it is [me/I] is correct for formal writing
objective
the case of pronouns which includes: me, him, her, us, them, whom, whomever
objective
the case of pronouns used for direct objects, indirect object, and objects of prepositions
possessive
pronouns that show ownership or relationship
incorrect
do not use the _______ forms of hisself or theirselves.
subject
do not use a double _______.
Those
use _______ instead of them as a demonstrative pronoun.
who, whom
use _______ or _______ to refer to persons.
which
use _______ to refer to things.
That
use _______ to refer to persons or things.
possessive
use a _______ case pronoun before a gerund.