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Level 221

Verbs, Predicates, Nouns & Subjects


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Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex
What are the four structures of a sentence?
What is a simple sentence?
A simple sentence is a sentence that consists of one independent clause and expresses a complete thought.
What is a compound sentence?
A compound sentence is a sentence that consists of at least two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction.
What is a complex sentence?
A complex sentence is a sentence that consists of one independent clause and at least one subordinate clause.
What is a compound-complex sentence?
A compound-complex sentence is a sentence that consists of at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
Declarative, Interrogative, Imperative, Exclamatory
What are the four purposes of a sentence?
What is a declarative sentence?
A declarative sentence is a sentence that expresses a statement and ends with a period.
What is an interrogative sentence?
An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question and ends with a question mark.
What is an imperative sentence?
An imperative sentence is a sentence that expresses a command and ends with a period.
What is an exclamatory sentence?
An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that expresses strong emotion and ends with an exclamation mark.
What are the sentence patterns?
S-Vi, S-Vt-DO, S-Vl-PN, S-Vl-PA, S-Vt-IO-DO, S-Vt-DO-OCN, S-Vt-DO-OCA
What are two components of a sentence?
Two components of sentences are phrases and clauses.
What is a phrase?
A phrase is a group of words that does not contain both a subject and a verb and may be used as a single part of speech.
What is a clause?
A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a verb.
What are two types of clauses?
Two types of clauses are independent clauses and subordinate clauses.
What is an independent clause?
An independent clause expresses a complete thought like a sentence and can stand alone.
What is a subordinate clause [dependent clause]?
A subordinate clause does not express a complete thought and cannot stand alone [also known as a dependent clause].
What are two major components of a clause?
Two major components of a clause are subject and predicate.
What is the subject? What is the complete subject? What is the simple subject?
The subject is that part about which something is being said. The complete subject is the subject and all the words which modify the subject. The simple subject is just the subject without its modifiers.
What is the predicate? What is the complete predicate? What is the simple predicate?
The predicate is that part which says something about the subject. The complete predicate is the verb and all the words which modify the verb. The simple predicate is just the verb without its modifiers.
What are the five parts of a complete sentence?
The five parts of a complete sentence are: subject, verb, complete sense, capital letter, end mark.
What are the eight parts of speech?
The eight parts of speech are: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, conjunctions, interjections, prepositions, adjectives.
What is a noun?
A noun names a person, place, thing, activity, or idea.
What is a pronoun?
A pronoun replaces a noun in order to avoid repetition.
What is a verb?
A verb exerts action, being, or existence.
What is an adverb?
An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
What is a conjunction?
A conjunction is a word used to connect words, phrases, or clauses together.
What is an interjection?
An interjection is a word or phrase used as a strong expression of feeling or emotion and is grammatically unconnected to a sentence.
What is a preposition?
A preposition relates a noun or pronoun to another word.
What is an adjective?
An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, qualifying, or limiting.
What are the four types of verbs?
The four types of verbs are: intransitive, transitive, linking, helping.
What is an intransitive verb?
An intransitive verb is a verb that does not transfer action to another word.
What is a transitive verb?
A transitive verb is a verb that transfers its action to an object.
What is a linking verb?
A linking verb is a verb that makes an assertion by joining two words and either renames the subject with a predicate noun or describes the subject with a predicate adjective.
What is a helping verb?
A helping verb is a verb that helps another verb assert action, being, or existence.
What is a verb phrase?
A verb phrase is the main verb and its helping verbs.
What are the five principal parts of a verb?
The five principal parts of a verb are: infinitive, present, past, present participle, past participle.
What is an infinitive?
An infinitive is "to" added to a verb used as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
What is a present verb?
A present verb is a verb without suffixes.
What is a past verb?
A past verb is a verb plus -ed, -en, or an irregular form.
What is a present participle?
A present participle is a verb plus -ing used as a noun, adjective, or multi-part verb.
What is a past participle?
A past participle is a verb plus -ed, -en, or an irregular form used as a adjective or multi-part verb.
What is a regular verb?
A regular verb is a verb that forms its past and past participle forms by adding -ed or -d to the infinitive form.
What is an irregular verb?
An irregular verb is a verb that forms its past and past participle forms by changing its spelling in an unpredictable way.
What are the two components used to make verb tense?
The two components used to make verb tense are time and form.
What are the three verb times used to make verb tense?
The three verb times used to make verb tense are past, present, and future.
What is a past tense verb?
A past tense verb is a verb that expresses what has already happened.
What is a present tense verb?
A present tense verb is a verb that expresses what is happening now.
What is a future tense verb?
A future tense verb is a verb that expresses what will happen.
What are the four verb forms used to make verb tense?
The four verb forms used to make verb tense are: simple, perfect, progressive, and perfect progressive.
What is the simple form of verb tense?
The simple form of verb tense is the form used when the beginning or ending of an action or state of being is unknown or unimportant to the meaning of the sentence.
What is the perfect form of verb tense?
The perfect form of verb tense is the form that emphasizes completion and is created by a form of "to have" + past participle.
What is the progressive form of verb tense?
The progressive form of verb tense is the form that emphasizes an action or state of being in progress and is created by a form of "to be" + present participle.
What is the perfect-progressitve form of verb tense?
The perfect-progressive form of verb tense is the form that emphasizes an action or state of being in progress that reaches completion and is created by a form of "to have" + been + present participle.
The verb tenses are:
What are the verb tenses?
What does the simple past verb tense express?
Simple past verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being that ended before the moment of writing or speaking. [She played yesterday.]
What does the simple present verb tense express?
Simple present verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being in the present or an action that is usual or repeated. [She plays.] [The puppy [always] chases his tail.]
What does the simple future verb tense express?
Simple future verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being that will occur after the moment it is spoken of or written about. [She will play tomorrow.]
What does the past perfect verb tense express?
Past perfect verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being completed before another past time or event.
What does the present perfect verb tense express?
The present perfect verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being completed during the present time or one that has continued up to the moment of utterrance. It is o…
What does future perfect verb tense express?
The future perfect verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being that will exist by a future time.
What does the past progressive verb tense express?
The past progressive verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being that was happening when another action ro state of being happened.
What does the present progressive verb tense express?
The present progressive verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being that is currently in process.
What does the future progressive verb tense express?
The future progressive verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being that will be happening over time in the future when something else happens.
What does the past perfect progressive verb tense express?
The past perfect progressive verb tense is the tense that expresses an action or state of being that occurred over time, in the past, before another time or action in the past.
What does the present perfect progressive verb tense express?
The present perfect progressive verb tense is the tense that expresses a continuing action or state of being that began in the past and continues into the present.
What does the future perfect progressive verb tense express?
The future perfect progressive verb tense is the tense that expresses a continuing action or sate of being that will be completed before a certain time or event in the future.
What are the two verb numbers?
The two verb numbers are singular and plural.
What is a singular verb?
A singular verb is a verb used with a singular subject and is most often is, was, has, does, or a verb that ends in -s or -es.
What is a plural verb?
A plural verb is a verb used with a plural subject and is most often are, were, have, do or a verb that does not end in -s or -es.
What are the three verb persons?
The three verb persons are: 1st person, 2nd person, and 3rd person.
What is a 1st person verb?
a 1st person verb is a verb used in an I or we sentence.
What is a 2nd person verb?
a 2nd person verb is a verb used in a Singular or Plural you sentence.
What is a 3rd person verb?
a 3rd person verb is a verb used in a he, she, it, or they sentence.
What is a verb voice?
Verb voice is the manner in which a verb functions relative to the subject of the sentence.
What is active voice?
Active verb voice is the verb voice used when the subject performs the action of the verb.
What is passive voice?
Passive voice is the verb voice used when the subject passively receives the action fo the verb. The verb uses a form of the helping verb to be.
What is verb mood?
Verb mood is the manner in which a verb expresses its action or state of being. The verb moods are indicative, imperative, or subjunctive.
What is indicative mood?
Indicative mood is the verb mood used to make a statement or ask a question.
What is imperative mood?
Imperative mood is the verb mood used to make commands and requests.
What is subjunctive mood?
Subjunctive mood is the verb mood used to imply a condition, express a condition contrary to fact, or to express a wish.
What are some noun characteristics?
Some noun characteristics are: type, gender, number, case.
What are some types of nouns?
Some types of nouns are: common, proper, concrete, abstract, collective, compound.
What is a common noun?
A common noun is a noun that names a non-specific person, place, thing, activity, or idea and is not capitalized.
What is a proper noun?
A proper noun is a noun that names a specific person, place thing, activity, or idea and must be capitalized.
What is a concrete noun?
A concrete noun is a noun that names a physical object that can be experienced with the five senses.
What is an abstract noun?
An abstract noun is a noun that names a concept, quality, or condition that cannot be experienced with the five senses.
What is a collective noun?
A collective noun is a type of noun that refers to a group composed of members.
What is a compound noun?
A compound noun is a noun that is made up of two or more words.
What is noun gender?
Noun gender is the characteristic that indicates if the noun is male, female, or neither.
What are the noun genders?
The noun genders are: masculine, feminine, neuter.
What is a masculine noun?
A masculine noun is a noun that is male.
What is a feminine noun?
A feminine noun is a noun that is female.
What is a neuter noun?
A neuter noun is a noun that has no gender or whose gender cannot be determined.
What is noun number?
Noun number is the characteristic that indicates if the noun refers to one or more than one person, place, thing, activity, or idea.
What are the noun numbers?
The noun numbers are: singular and plural.
What is a singular noun?
A singular noun is a noun that names only one person, place, thing, activity, or idea.
What is a plural noun?
A plural noun is a noun that names more than one person, place, thing, activity, or idea.
What is noun case?
Noun case is the characteristic that indicates the function of the noun in the sentence. In English, noun case is indicated by word order and prepositions.
What are the noun cases?
The noun cases are nominative, objective, possessive.
When is a noun said to be in the nominative case?
A noun is said to be in the nominative case when it functions as a subject [sn] or a predicate nominative [pn].
When is a noun said to be in the objective case?
A noun is said to be in the objective case when it functions as a: direct object [do], indirect object [io], object of the preposition [opr], or object complement noun [ocn].
When is a noun said to be in the possessive case?
A noun is said to be in the possessive case when is shows possession. A possessive noun functions as an adjective [pna] and has an apostrophe and s.
The noun jobs in a sentence are:
What are the noun jobs in a sentence?
What is a subject noun [or subject nominative]?
A subject is a noun [or pronoun] about which something is being said.
What is a predicate nominative?
A predicate nominative is a noun [or pronoun] that follows a linking verb and renames the subject.
What is a direct object?
A direct object is a noun [or pronoun] located after a transitive verb that receives the action of the verb.
What is an indirect object?
An indirect object is a noun [or pronoun] located between the transitive verb and the direct object that tells to whom or for whom the action is done and who is receiving the direct object.
What is an object of the preposition noun?
An object of the preposition is a noun [or pronoun] located after a preposition in a sentence.
What is an object complement noun?
An object complement noun is a noun that follows a direct object and renames what the direct object has become as a result of the action of the verb.
What is a possessive noun [adjective]?
A possessive noun adjective is a noun that shows possession and functions as an adjective in a sentence. A possessive noun adjective has an apostrophe and an s.
What is an appositive?
An appositive is a noun [or pronoun] that follows another noun and explains or identifies it.
What is a noun of direct address?
A noun of direct address is a noun used to call upon a person and is set off by one or more commas.
What is a noun clause?
A noun clause is a subordinate clause used as a single noun.
What is an antecedent?
An antecedent is the nount that a pronoun replaces and can be found in the same sentence as the pronoun or a different sentence. The pronoun should agree with its antecedent in both gender and number.
What are some pronoun characteristics?
Some pronoun characteristics are: type, gender, person, number, case.
What are some pronoun types?
Some pronoun types are: demonstrative, indefinite, interrogative, personal], reflexive, relative.
What is a demonstrative pronoun?
A demonstrative pronoun is a pronoun that indicates an entity and distinguishes it from others.
What is an indefinite pronoun?
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to a non-specific person, place, thing, activity, or idea.
What is an interrogative pronoun?
An interrogative pronoun is a pronoun that represents something that is unknown and is used in a question.
What is a personal pronoun?
A personal pronoun is a pronoun that represents a specific person or group of people and is distinguised by gender, person, number, and case.
What is a reflexive pronoun?
A reflexive pronoun is a personal pronoun compounded with -self or -selves to show that the action affects the subject.
What is a relative pronoun?
A relative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces an adjectival subordinate clause and relates it to the word it modifies.
What is pronoun gender?
Pronoun gender is the characteristic that indicates if the pronoun refers to an antecedent which is male, female, or neutral.
What are the pronoun genders?
The pronoun genders are: masculine, feminine, neuter.
What is a masculine pronoun?
A masculine pronoun is a pronoun that refers to a male.
What is a feminine pronoun?
A feminine pronoun is a pronoun that refers to a female.
What is a neuter pronoun?
A neuter pronoun is a pronoun that refers to an antecedent that has no gender or whose gender is undetermined.
What is pronoun number?
Pronoun number is the characteristic that indicates if the pronoun refers to one or more than one.
What are the pronoun numbers?
The pronoun numbers are singular and plural.
What is a singular pronoun?
A singular pronoun is a pronoun that refers to one person, place, thing, activity, or idea.
What is a plural pronoun?
A plural pronoun is a pronoun that refers to more than one person, place, thing, activity, or idea.
What is pronoun person?
Pronoun person is the characteristic that indicates if the person or thing represented by the pronoun is speaking, is being spoken to, or is being spoken about.
What are the pronoun persons?
The pronoun persons are: 1st person, 2nd person, and 3rd person.
What is a 1st person pronoun?
a 1st person pronoun is a pronoun that includes the person speaking.
What is a 2nd person pronoun?
a 2nd person pronoun is a pronoun that refers to the person being spoken to.
What is a 3rd person pronoun?
a 3rd person pronoun is a pronoun tat refers to the person being spoken about.
What is pronoun case?
Pronoun case is the characteristic that indicates the specific function of the personal pronoun in the sentence.
What are the pronoun cases?
The pronoun cases are: nominative, objective, possessive.
What is the nominative case of personal pronouns?
The nominative case of personal pronouns is the form used when the pronoun functions as the subject [sp] or predicate nominative [pn] in a sentence.
What is the objective case of personal pronouns?
The objective case of personal pronouns is the form used when the pronoun functions as a direct object [do], indirect object [io], or an object of the preposition [opr].
What is the possessive case of personal pronouns?
The possessive case of personal pronouns is the form used when the pronoun shows possession. Possessive pronouns can be used as adjectives, subjects, and objects.
The pronoun jobs are:
What are the pronoun jobs?
What is the subject?
The subject is a noun [or pronoun] about which something is being said.
What is an understood subject?
An understood subject pronoun is the pronoun you which is implied but unwritten in a command or request.