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ESSAY: What are they looking at for most?
(History, literature, current events, politics...)
What kind of examples are best? Real Ones
No-you just have to explain why they are good
Do your examples have to be good?
No-they just have to be close
Do your facts have to be exactly right?
No, they are expressions.
Is "Alas!" or "Horrible!" or "Fire!" a sentence.
Yes, it is a command. The subject is you understood.
Is "Run!" or "Listen!" a sentence?
declarative, exclamatory, imperative, interrogative.
Name the four kinds of sentences.
Word or words that mirror an unexpressed subject, especially in imperative sentences.
What is a "term of address"?
Terms of address may be confused with you–understood subjects in imperative sentences. "Students, do your work!"
What is the danger of confusion using terms of address in imperative sentences?
The subject usuallys preceeds the predicate, but it may appear between two parts of a split predicate.
What is a split predicate?
Compound subjects have two or more connected subjects. Compound predicates have two or more verbs.
Describe compound subject and compound predicate sentences. I.7
Some predicates are used frequently with the subject "it". In these cases, "it" does not refer to any definite person or thing and is referred to as "the impersonal subject." Ex: It rains hard.
What is an "impersonal subject"?
Grammar's object is to make clear the system or theory of a language. Dictionaries attempt to give an account of individual words, not grammars.
What does a study of grammar attempt to do? II.10
The essential, indispensable group of words that the sentence is spoken about.
What is a simple subject? II.11
On the initial straight line divided in the center by a horizontal line, the simple subject goes to the left of the dividing line.
How do you diagram the simple subject
A noun names the person or thing about which the predicate says something. A pronoun refers to this person or thing without naming it specifically.
The simple subject will be either a noun or a pronoun. Describe the difference. II.12
A verb is the simplest predicate.
What is a simple predicate? II.14
A, An, The are adjective articles.
What is an article?
Place a diagonal line starting under the noun modified and write the adjective on the slanted line.
How do you diagram an adjective?
On the horizontal home line, after the section for the verb, draw another horizontal line through the home line and place the direct object after that.
How do you diagram a direct object?
On the home line, place the verb to the right of the first horizontal line.
How do you diagram a simple verb?
Transitive verbs require an object to complete their meaning, the verb action "goes over" to an object.
What is a transitive verb?
An intransitive verb does not require an object to complete their meaning.
What is an intransitive verb? II.19
The "to be" verbs are called a copula or linking verb. It rarely has meaning itself, but connects the subject with the words of distinct meaning in the predicate.
What is a copula?
am, is, are, was, were, shall be, has been, had been, shall have been, will have been
List ten common forms of the copula.