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Grammar Definitions: Intermediate V


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Singular nouns
number of nouns such as book, library, bacterium, man
Masculine nouns
gender of nouns such as father, brother, uncle, men, bull
Feminine nouns
gender of nouns such as mother, sister, aunt, women, cow
Neuter nouns
gender of nouns such as window, shrub, door, college, car
Indefinite nouns
gender of nouns such as chairperson, politician, president, professor, flight attendant
Nominative case noun
case of noun that can be the subject of a clause or the predicate noun when it follows the verb be
Possessive case noun
case of noun that shows possession or ownership
Objective case noun
case of noun that can be a direct object, an indirect object, or an object of a preposition
Intrasitive verb
type of verb that takes no objects or complements; an airplane flew overhead
Linking or connecting verb
type of verb that connects the subject and the subject complement (an adjective, noun, or noun equivalent); it was rainy
Auxiliary or helping verb
type of verb that comes before another verb; she must have passed the Praxis II exam
Present tense verb
tense of verb used to describe situations tht exist in the present time; Celia and Tory attend Curtis Corner Middle School
Past tense verb
tense of verb used to tell about what happened in the past; they attended Wakefield Elementary School
Future tense verb
tense of verb used to express action that will take place in the future; next year, they will attend Broad Rock High School
Present perfect tense verb
tense of verb used when action began in the past but continues into the present; Annie has attended a charter school for two years
Simple pronoun
type of pronoun such as I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who, what
Compound pronoun
type of pronoun such as itself, myself, anybody, someone, everything
Phrasal pronoun
type of pronoun such as each other, one another
Modifiers
words, clauses, or phrases that limit or describe other words or groups of words
Time adverb
tomorrow, monthly, momentarily, presently
Place adverb
there, yonder, here, backward
Manner adverb
exactly, efficiently, clearly, steadfastly
Degree adverb
greatly, partly, too, incrementally
Phrases
groups of related words that operate as a single part of speech, such as a verb, verbal, prepositional, appositive, or absolute; "in the doghouse"
Clauses
groups of related words that have both a subject and a predicate; "(I have a tendency to procrastinate) when I have a high–stakes assignment"