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Act 2, Scene 1

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'For all in vain comes counsel to his ear.' (York)
Richard won't listen to any advice.
'Lascivious metres, to whose venom sound The open ear of youth doth always listen;' (York)
The young will always listen to exaggerated praise, even if it's doing them no good.
'Then all too late comes counsel to be heard,' (York)
Richard will only listen to good advice when it's too late.
'His rash fierce blaze of riot cannot last, For violent fires soon burn out themselves;' (Gaunt)
Prophesying that Richard's reign will be extinguished soon.
'With eager feeding, food doth choke the feeder;' (Gaunt)
Richard is too greedy.
'insatiate cormorant, Consuming means, soon preys upon itself.' (Gaunt)
Even the best at their craft, if too greedy, will end up destroying themselves.
'This other Eden, demi-paradise,' (Gaunt)
Comparing England to God's paradise.
'This fortress built by nature for herself Against infection and the hand of war,' (Gaunt)
England is naturally defended from plague and war because it's an island.
'This precious stone set in the silver sea,' (Gaunt)
England is like a jewel.
'This blessed plot, this earth, this realm, this England,' (Gaunt)
Gaunt shows extreme pride and devotion to his country.
'This land of such dear souls, this dear dear land, Dear for her reputation through the world,' (Gaunt)
Gaunt uses a repeated term of endearment to show the respect England has.
'Is now leased out...Like to a tenement or pelting farm.' (Gaunt)
England is divided and and used for profitable gain.
'England...is now bound in with shame,' (Gaunt)
England is now trapped within it's own shame.
'Hath made a shameful conquest of itself.' (Gaunt)
England has destroyed itself through shameful means.
'Now He that made me know I see thee ill,' (Gaunt to)
God knows that Gaunt looks upon a sick person.
'Thy death-bed is no lesser than thy land, Wherein thou liest in reputation sick.' (Gaunt)
Richard's reign will be his death due to his poor reputation.
'A thousand flattered sit within thy crown, Whose compass is no bigger than thy head.' (Gaunt)
Richard's reign and his head are full of those that flatter him. He is selfish and self-centred.
'Landlord of England art thou now, not King,' (Gaunt)
Richard is only making money from England, not ruling it.
'Thou, a lunatic lean-witted fool,' (Richard)
Richard insults Gaunt immaturely and defensively.
'Should run thy head from thy unreverent shoulders.' (Richard)
Richard says he should behead Gaunt for treason.
'That blood already, like the pelican, Hast thou tapped out and drunkenly caroused.' (Gaunt)
Gaunt says that Richard has drunk the blood of his fore-fathers for his own gain.
'That thou respect's not spilling Edward's blood.' (Gaunt)
Richard doesn't care about murdering the son of his respected grandfather.
'I do beseech your Majesty, input his words To wayward sickness and age in him.' (York)
York asks Richard to disregard what Gaunt has said.
'His tongue is now a stringless instrument;' (Northumberland)
Gaunt has died.
'So much for that' (Richard)
Richard quickly moves on from Gaunt's death.
''Towards our assistance we do seize to us The plate, coin, revenues and moveables,' (Richard)
Richard says he will take all of Gaunt's valuable possessions.
'How long shall I be patient?' (York)
York is losing patience with Richard.
'In war was never lion raged more fierce, In peace was never gentle lamb more mild,' (York)
York speaks about the Black Prince with respect.
'his noble hand Did win what he did spend, and spend not Which his triumphant father's hand had won;' (York)
York speaks of the Black Prince's spending habits as a comparison to Richard.
'If you do wrongfully seize...You pluck a thousand dangers on your head, You lose a thousand well-disposed hearts,' (York)
York foreshadows the dangers and shifts in allegiance that awaits Richard.
'And prick my tender patience to those thoughts Which honour and allegiance cannot think.' (York)
York foreshadows his own change in allegiance, although he knows it is treason to God and crown to do so.
'Think what you will, we seize into our our hands His plate, his goods, his money and his lands.' (Richard)
Richard not only ignore his uncle's advice and threats, but decides to take Gaunt's land as well.