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Level 23

ARCHITECTURE


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reinforced concrete
(building material)concrete in which metal bars or wire is embedded to increase its tensile strength.
timber
(building material) wood prepared for use in building and carpentry
stone
(building material)the hard substance, formed of mineral matter, of which rocks consist
glass
(building material) a hard, brittle, noncrystalline, more or less transparent substance produced by fusion, usually consisting of mutually dissolved silica and silicates that also contain soda and lime, as in the ordinary variety used for windows and bottles
concrete
(building material)
well-designed
(aesthetic perception)
an eyesore
(aesthetic perception)
controversial
(aesthetic perception)
pleasing geometric forms
(aesthetic perception)
skycraper
(types of building)
low-rise apartments
(types of building)
multi-storey car park
(types of building)
detached house
(types of building)
semi-detached house
(types of building)
terraced house
(types of building)
mansion
(types of building)
cottage
(types of building)
bungalow
(types of building)
modernist
(architectural style)
post-modern
(architectural style)
standardised
(architectural style)
traditional
(architectural style)
art-deco
(architectural style)
international-style
(architectural style)
porch
(part of a building)
facade
(part of a building)
foundations
(part of a building)
roof
(part of a building)
ground floor
(part of a building)
first floor
(part of a building)
basement
(part of a building)cellar
attic
(part of a building)
staircase
(part of a building)
practical
(feature)
functional
(feature)
high-tech
(feature)
energy-efficient
(feature)
to modernise
(feature)
a producer
a person responsible for the financial and managerial aspects of the making of a film or broadcast or for staging a play, opera, etc.
low-cost
(feature)
prefabricated
(feature)
derelict buildings
buildings that are in a very bad condition
housing estates
a residential area in which the houses have all been planned and built at the same time
slums
overcrowded urban street or district inhabited by very poor people.
to demolish
to pull down or knock down a building
preservation order
a legal obligation laid on an owner to preserve a building of historic interest, or to conserve trees and natural habitat regarded as contributing amenity value to the environment
a physical barrier
A lack of walls or other .... in offices makes it easier for employees to interact with each other on a regular basis.
to generate a sense of camaraderie
The constant intermingling not only ... among personnel, it also enhances the flow of information and teamwork.
the flow of information
. The constant intermingling not only generates a sense of camaraderie among personnel, it also enhances ... and teamwork.
open-plan office space / layout
Interactions in an ... generally are more frequent and informal than in closed environments where everyone has a separate office space.
to interact with
(verb) to converse with and exchange ideas with someone
on a regular basis
(phrase) regularly
Communal
(adj) owned or used by everyone in a group
to facilitate
(verb) to make it possible or easier for something to happen
as a whole
(phrase) in general
to stem from something
(verb) to be caused by something
confidentiality
(noun) a situation in which important information must be kept secret
inherent
1. Existing as an essential constituent or characteristic 2. In the nature of something though not readily apparent
to stem from
Grow out of, have roots in, originate in
Absenteeism
(noun) the habit of not being at school or work when you should be, usually without a good reason