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This Earth


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acid rain
rain that contains large amounts of harmful chemicals as a result of burning substances such as coal and oil
aftershock
a sudden movement of the earth's surface that often follows an earthquake and is less violent than the first main movement
agriculture
farming
cattle
cows and bulls that are kept for their milk or meat
coast
the land next to or close to the sea
desalination
the process of removing salt from sea water
draft
a piece of text, a formal suggestion, or a drawing in its original state, often containing the main ideas and intentions but not the developed form
erosion
the fact of soil, stone, etc. being gradually damaged and removed by the waves, rain, or wind
flooding
a situation in which an area is covered with water, especially from rain
fungus
any of various types of organisms that get their food from decaying material or other living things
herbivore
an animal that eats only plants
lava
hot liquid rock that comes out of the earth through a volcano, or the solid rock formed when it cools
petal
any of the usually brightly coloured parts that together form most of a flower
productivity
the rate at which a company or country makes goods, usually judged in connection with the number of people and the amount of materials necessary to produce the goods
puddle
a small pool of liquid on the ground, especially from rain
reservoir
a place for storing liquid, especially a natural or artificial lake providing water for a city or other area
shore
the land along the edge of a sea, lake, or wide river
species
a set of animals or plants in which the members have similar characteristics to each other and can breed with each other
stem
a central part of something from which other parts can develop or grow, or which forms a support
tide
he rise and fall of the sea that happens twice every day
tremor
a slight shaking movement in a person's body, especially because of nervousness or excitement ; a slight earthquake
current
a movement of water, air, or electricity in a particular direction
dense
having parts that are close together so that it is difficult to go or see through
freezing
extremely cold
heavy
(especially of something unpleasant) of very or especially great force, amount, or degree
long-term
continuing a long time into the future
native
used to refer to plants and animals that grow naturally in a place, and have not been brought there from somewhere else
resistant
not wanting to accept something, especially changes or new ideas
severe
causing very great pain, difficulty, worry, damage, etc.; very serious
torrential
used to refer to very heavy rain
tropical
from or relating to the area between the two tropics
a storm in a teacup
a lot of unnecessary anger and worry about a matter that is not important
be snowed under (with sth)
to have so much work that you have problems dealing with it all
every cloud has a silver lining
said to emphasize that every difficult or unpleasant situation has some advantage
in cold light of day
If you think about something in the cold light of day, you think about it clearly and calmly, without the emotions you had at the time it happened, and you often feel sorry or ashamed about it
know which way the wind is blowing
To understand what is happening in changing circumstances and to be able to anticipate the future
not have the foggiest idea
to not know or understand something at all
the calm before the storm
a quiet or peaceful period before a period during which there is great activity, argument, or difficulty
vicious circle
a continuing unpleasant situation, created when one problem causes another problem that then makes the first problem worse
weather the storm
If someone or something weathers the storm, they successfully deal with a very difficult problem
breed
to keep animals for the purpose of producing young animals in a controlled way ; to cause something to happen, usually something bad
flow
to move in one direction, especially continuously and easily
sow
to put seeds in or on the ground so that plants will grow
deafening
extremely loud:
thorn
a small, sharp pointed growth on the stem of a plant
pasture
grass or similar plants suitable for animals such as cows and sheep to eat, or an area of land covered in this
horticulture
the study or activity of growing garden plants
plough
a large farming tool with blades that digs the soil in fields so that seeds can be planted
drip
If a liquid drips, it falls in drops, or you make it fall in drops
drain
If you drain something, you remove the liquid from it, usually by pouring it away or allowing it to flow away, and if something drains, liquid flows away or out of it
crop yield
is a measurement of the amount of a crop that was harvested per unit of land area.
dry out
overcome alcoholism
bring about
to cause something to happen
proliferate
to increase a lot and suddenly in number:
stretch
to cause something to reach, often as far as possible, in a particular direction
surfeit
an amount that is too large, or is more than is needed
soak into
[for moisture] to penetrate something.
run off
to leave somewhere or someone suddenly
overgrazing
a situation in which there are too many cows or other animals eating grass in an area, which damages the environment:
take its toll (on)
to cause a lot of damage
detrimental
causing harm or damage
promising
Something that is promising shows signs that it is going to be successful or enjoyable
nasty
bad or very unpleasant
drive down
to force a price, value, etc. to go down
withstand
to be strong enough, or not be changed by something, or to oppose a person or thing successfully
soak up
If a dry material or substance soaks up a liquid, it absorbs the liquid through its surface