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OG 2016 - CR Exercises


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spectrum
a complete or wide range of related qualities, ideas, etc. || a range of sound waves or several other types of waves
spectra
plural form of spectrum
squash
a type of fruit that grows on the ground and is eaten as a vegetable. (bí)
combat
to stop something unpleasant or harmful from happening or from getting worse
derive FROM
to come or develop from something
culprit
a person or thing responsible for causing a problem
entail
to involve something that cannot be avoided
choral
connected with, written for, or sung by a choir (= a group of singers)
tentative
not definite or certain because you may want to change it later
treatise
a long and serious piece of writing on a particular subject
conclusive
proving something, and allowing no doubt or confusion
account for
to be the explanation or cause of something
stake IN
a part or share in a business, plan, etc. that is important to you and that you want to be successful
accrue
to increase over a period of time || to allow a sum of money or debts to grow over a period of time
gauge
an instrument for measuring the amount or level of something
barnacle
a small shellfish that attaches itself to objects underwater, for example to rocks and the bottoms of ships
juvenile
connected with young people who are not yet adults || childish
disguise
to hide something or change it, so that it cannot be recognized
compromise
an agreement made between two people or groups in which each side gives up some of the things they want so that both sides are happy at the end
decry
( = CONDEMN) to strongly criticize someone or something, especially publicly
salvage
the act of saving things that have been, or are likely to be, damaged or lost, especially in a disaster or an accident
impose
to introduce a new law, rule, punishment, etc. || to force someone or something to have to deal with something that is difficult or unpleasant
algae
(plural) very simple plants with no real leaves, stems, or roots that grow in or near water, including seaweed
conductive
(physics) able to conduct electricity, heat, etc.
incinerate
to burn something until it is completely destroyed
fledgling
a person, an organization, or a system that is new and without experience | a young bird that has just learned to fly
irritate
to annoy someone | to make your skin or a part of your body sore or painful
prominent
important or well known || noticeable
snipe AT
to shoot at someone from a hiding place || to criticize someone in an unpleasant way
outstrip
to become larger, more important, etc. than someone or something || surpass
justify
to show that someone or something is right or reasonable || to give an explanation or excuse for something
counterproductive
having the opposite effect to the one that was intended
envision
to imagine what will happen or what a situation will be like in the future
incline
to tend to think or behave in a particular way; to make someone do this
inscription
words written in the front of a book or cut in stone or metal
spurious
false, although seeming to be genuine
lesion
damage to the skin or part of the body caused by injury or by illness
implication
a possible effect or result of an action or a decision || something that is implied || involvement
be at issue
be the most important part of the subject that is being discussed
disturbance
actions that make you stop what you are doing || a situation in which people behave violently in a public place
disrupt
to make it difficult for something to continue in the normal way
livestock
the animals kept on a farm, for example cows or sheep
retaliation
action that a person takes against someone who has harmed them in some way
tribunal
a type of court with the authority to deal with a particular problem or disagreement
mitigating
circumstances or factors that make a crime or someone's actions easier to understand, so that the punishment may be less severe