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Allegory
A form of extended metaphor in which the characters, settings, and events stand for abstract ideas or qualities (can be social, religious, or political).
Alliteration
Repetition of the same letter or sound at the start of consecutive words.
Allusion
A brief reference to a person, event, place, or phrase.
Analogy
A comparison between two things for the purpose of drawing attention to the relationship between those two things.
Anecdote
Brief story told to illustrate a point or serve as an example of something.
Anthropomorphism/Personification
Attributing human characteristics to an animal, inanimate object, or entities which are not human.
Aphorism
A short, clever statement expressing an opinion or general truth.
Archetype
Characters, images, and themes that symbolically embody universal meanings and basic human experiences.
Catharsis
The release of emotions such as pity and fear by the audience at the end of a tragedy.
Cliché
An idea or expression that has become tired and trite from overuse.
Connotation
An idea or feeling a word evokes in addition to its literal meaning.
Contrast
Description that emphasises the difference between things.
Dead Metaphor
Metaphor that has been used so often that the comparison is no longer vivid: “The head of the house”, “the seat of the government”, “a knotty problem” are all dead metaphors.
Denotation
The literal dictionay definition of a word.
Dialect
A way of speaking that is characteristic of a certain social group or of the inhabitants of a certain geographical area.
Dialogue
A conversation between two or more people.
Diction
A speaker or writer’s choice of words.