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Music Theory 82


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marcatissimo
with much accentuation
pianissimo , pp
very gently; i.e., perform very softly, even softer than piano. This convention can be extended; the more ps that are written, the softer the composer wants the musician to play or sing, thus ppp (pianississimo) would be softer than pp. Dynamics in a piece should be interpreted relative to the other dynamics in the same piece. For example, pp should be executed as softly as possible, but if ppp is found later in the piece, pp should be markedly louder than ppp. More than three ps (ppp) or three fs (fff) are uncommon.
parlando or parlante
like speech, enunciated
pochettino or poch.
very little
Zartheit
tenderness
Zählzeit
beat
sign
see segno
Homophony
A musical texture with one voice (or melody line) accompanied by chords; also used as an adjective (homophonic). Compare with polyphony, in which several voices or melody lines are performed at the same time.
backbeat
the accentuation of beats two and four; usually found in the genres of rhythm and blues
più
more; see mosso for an example