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Level 102

Music Theory 98


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variations
an important musical form, the principal of which is to present a given melody, called the theme, in a number of modifications, each of which is a variation
swing
a term applied to the style of jazz that originated about 1935, particularly in the music of the Benny Goodman orchestra
scat singing
a style of singing introduced into jazz about 1930, characterized by the interpolation of nonsense syllables and other peculiar vocal effects, expressing an attitude of uninhibited exuberance
sonority
the tonal quality produced by a performer on an instrument
intonation
degree of adherence to correct pitch. Good intonation implies close approximation of the pitch; poor intonation implies deviation from pitch
listera
a Romantic languid style of modern Cuban popular music
tower sonatas
compositions for a small group of wind instruments that were played from church steeples and towers
mambo
modern Cuban popular dance music; an instrumental big band style
octaves
the interval embracing eight diatonic tones
sacred music
music that was specifically written for use in church services
trios
designation for a group of three performers; also for the music that they perform. The most important type is the piano trio for piano, violin, and cello
rumba
a Cuban dance which, about 1930, became a popular ballroom dance in the United States and Europe. It is of African origin, with strong emphasis on rhythm, complicated syncopation, and indefinite repetitions of an eight measure theme, while melody and text are of subordinate importance. The dancing emphasizes movements of the body rather than of the feet.
punto
a style of Cuban folk music reflecting a more European than African influence
secular music
music that has no relation to the church
monophony
music consisting of a single melodic line without additional parts or chordal accompaniment; it is the oldest type of music
toccata
an important type of early keyboard music, originating in the sixteenth century but cultivated mainly in the Baroque period
nationalism
a love of one’s country; expressed by composers of the Romantic period and again in 20th century music