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plic;plicate;ply


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plic;plicate;ply
[L]=to bend or fold弯,折。常用词apply,appliance,applicant,application之间存在着词义相连的派生关系。这组词中包含的ply(pli),plic,plicate都是拉丁动词plicare的词根。plic是不定词干,plicate是动名词干;pli是plic在法语中的形式,ply则是pli经英语“正字”之后的标准形式,只能出现在动词的词尾。这些异形根形式多样
apply
[ap-(ad-)=to向;ply=to fold折→“to fold to something so as to attach it折向某物以便与之相连”→]。 v.1 put to use运用,应用:to apply the brakes 扳闸刹车 2 be suitable 适用:The theory doesn't apply in this case.这个理论在此行不通。3request(to attach to)申请(参与):She applied to several colleges.她向好几个大学申请入学。
appliance
[appli (=apply);-ance n.]。 n.器具,器械;应用
applicable
[ap-;plic;-able a.]。 a.可应用的;适用的
applicant
[ap-;plic;-ant n.]。 n.申请者
application
[ap-;plicat;-ion n.]。 n.申请;申请书
imply
[im-(in-)=in进;ply=to fold折→“to fold in so as not to show out折进去以免直露”→]。 v.1 indicate or suggest without words暗指,暗示:His actions implied a lack of faith. 他的行为暗示缺乏信任。2 involve as necessary必然包含:A fair trial implies a jury that is not biased.一场公平审判的前提是陪审团必须公正不倚。
implicit
[im-;plic;-it a.]。 a.含蓄的;内含的
implicate
[im-;plic;-ate v.]。 v.涉及;意味着;暗指
implication
[im-;plic;-ation n.]。 n.涉及;暗示,暗指
reply
[re-=back回;ply=to fold折→“to fold back折回”→]。 v.1 respond by action反应,回应:to reply to the enemy's fire反击敌火的炮火2 give an answer回答,答复:to reply to a question回答问题
replicate
[re-;plic;-ate a.]。 a.折转的,反折的
replication
[re-;plic;-ation]。 n.反折;回答
multiply
[multi=many多;ply=to fold折→“to fold many times折叠多次”→]。 v. 1 (cause) to grow in number(使)增加:Problems multi-plied under his leadership.由于他的领导,问题增多了。2 find the product by multiplication乘:to multiply 3 by 4 3乘4
multiplier
[multipl(y);-ier n.]。 n.乘数
multiplication
[multi;plic;-ation n.]。 n.增加;乘法
comply
[com-=together一起;ply=to bend弯→“to bend together一起弯下腰来”→]。 v. obey依从,服从:to comply with rules遵守规则
compliance
[compl(y);-iance n.]。 n.依从;服从
compliant
[compl(y);-iant a.]。 a.依从的;服从的
compliment
[compl(y);-iment n.]。 n.恭维(话)
complicate
[com-=together一起;plic=to fold折;-ate v.=to make使......→“to make (things) fold together使事物折叠在一起”→]。Iv. make intricate or difficult使复杂化:There is no need to complicate matters.没有必要使事情复杂化。
complication
[complicat(e);-ion n.]。 n.纠纷,复杂;复杂化
explicate
[ex-=out出;plic=to fold折;-ate v. =to make使......→“to make something fold out to be seen使某物折翻外露”→]。 v. explain in detail解释,说明:to explicate a theory阐述理论
explication
[explicat(e);-ion n.]。 n.说明,阐述
explicative
[explicat(e);-ive a.]。 a.解释的,说明的
explicit
[ex-;plic;-it a.]。 a.详述的,明确的
explicable
[ex-;plic;-able a.]。 a.可解释的,可说明的
supplicate
[sup- (sub-) =under 下;plic =to bend 弯;-ate v. =to make使......→“to make to bend under somebody使向某人弯下腰”→]。 v. beg humbly恳求,哀求:to supplicate for pardon求饶
supplication
[supplicat(e);-ion n.]。 n.恳求,哀求;祈求
supplicatory
[supplicat(e);-ory a.]。 a.恳求的,哀求的
supplicant
[sup-;plic;-ant n.]。 n.恳求者,哀求者