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grad;gress


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grad;gress
[L]=to step步。在常用grade,gradual,graduate以及aggress,progress中有两个同源异形根:grad和gress。grad来自拉丁名词gradus,意为step(步),或者来自拉丁动词gradi,意为to step(跨步);gress来自gradi的动名词词干,意思也是to step(跨步)。
grade
[grad=step步;-e→]。In. step;degree;stage步;级;阶段→IIv.1 arrange according to grade按等级分类:to grade the tea给茶叶分级2 assign a grade to评级,评分:to grade papers评试卷
gradation
[grad (e) v.;-ation n.]。 n.等级;分等级
gradual
[grad=step步;-u-;-al a.=of......的→“of steps一步步的”→]。 a. step by step逐步的:gradual recovery逐渐康复
gradualism
[gradual;-ism n.]。 n.渐进主义
graduate1
[grad=step步,级;-u-;-ate v.=to make or take做,取得→“to take a step in receiving education取得接受教育的一步”→]。Iv. receive a diploma or degree at a college毕业;得学位:He graduated in mathematics. 他是数学专业毕业的。→IIn. one who graduates
graduation
[graduat(e) v.;-ion n.]。 n.毕业;授学位
graduate2
[grad=step or degree步,度;-u-;-ate v.=to make做→“to make steps or degrees for measurement做测量用的度数”→]。 v. mark with degrees in measured units刻度,分度:a graduated glass刻度杯
graduator
[graduat(e);-or n.]。 n.刻度器;刻度员
aggress
[ag-(ad-)=toward 向;gress=to step 跨步→“to step toward向......逼进一步”→]。 v. make a first attack;intrude挑衅;侵略:Who aggressed in the fight?谁先动手的?
aggression
[aggress;-ion n.]。 n.侵略
aggressive
[aggress;-ive a.]。 a.侵略的;爱寻衅的
aggressor
[aggress;-or n.]。 n.侵略者
progress
[pro-=forward向前;gress=to step迈步→“to step forward向前迈步”→]。In. advancement;improvement进步;发展:Make progress every day.天天向上。→IIv. go forward前进,进步:to progress to the goal朝着目标前进
progression
[progress v.;-ion n.]。 n.行进
congress
[con-=together一起;gress=to step or go 迈步,走→“going together to meet走到一起聚会”→]。 n. meeting of delegates for discussion or settlement of problems代表大会:the Congress(美国)国会
congressman
[congress;-man n.]。 n.国会议员
congressional
[(congress;-ion);-al a.]。 a.代表大会的;国会的
degrade
[de-=downward向下;grad=to step迈步;-e→“to step or go downward向下迈步,走下坡”→]。 v. lower in grade
degradation
[degrad(e);-ation n.]。 n.降级;堕落
digress
[di-(dis-)=aside偏离;gress=to step迈步→“to step aside步伐偏离”→]。 v. depart from the main subject 离开主题:Don't digress from the point at issue.别离开争论的要点。
digression
[digress;-ion n.]。 n.离题;枝节话
digressive
[digress;-ive a.]。 a.离题的;枝节的
regress
[re-=backward向后;gress=to step迈步→“to step backward向后迈步”→]。In. return;backward movement返回;倒退:the regress of floods洪水的退潮→IIv. go back;move backward返回;倒退:No one can make history regress.谁也不能叫历史倒退。
regression
[regress;-ion n.]。 n.回归;倒退
regressive
[regress;-ive a.]。 a.回归的;倒退的