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cap;capt;cept;ceive


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cap;capt;cept;ceive
[L]=to take取。这是一组形态变化比较复杂,孳生能力又很强的词根。cap来自拉丁动词capere,意为to take(取),capt,cept来自它的过去分词。由于该族同根词多由法语引入英语,因此又多了一个带法语痕迹的变体ceive。先介绍几个由cap,capt构成的派生词。
capable
[cap=to take取;-able a.=able能......的→“able to take能取到的”→]。 a. able;talented有能力的;有才能的:capable teachers能干的教师
capability
[capab(le);-ility n.]。 n.能力,才能,技能
capacious
[cap=to take or hold取,抓;-acious (-ac +-ious) a.=having the nature有......性能的→“having the nature of holding能容纳的”→]。 a. able to hold much容量大的:capacious stage宽敞的戏台
capacity
[cap;-ac;-ity n.]。 n.容量,容积;可容性,可能性
capture
[capt=to take取;-ure n.=the result表结果→“the result of being taken or catched被夺取的结果”→]。In. person or thing seized俘虏,捕获物:The lion became their capture.那只狮子成为他们的猎物。→IIv. take as a prize by force捕获:to capture butterflies with a net用网捕捉蝴蝶
capturer
[captur(e);-er n.]。 n.捕获者
capturable
[captur(e);-able a.]。 a.可捕获的
captive
[capt=to take取;-ive a.=being...被......的→“being taken被抓的”→]。Ia. taken or made a prisoner被俘虏的:captive birds笼中之鸟→II n. a person or animal captured俘虏;猎获物:The captives were sold as slaves.俘虏被贩卖为奴。
captivity
[captiv(e) a.;-ity n.]。 n.囚虏;监禁(期);羁绊
captivate
[captiv(e) a.;-ate v.]。 v. [古]捕获;迷惑,蛊惑ceive用来构成动词,其对应的名词和形容词多由cept构成。
receive
[re-=back回;ceive=to take取→“to take back取回”→]。 v.1 get or accept收到,收受:It is more blessed to give than to receive.施惠比收受更好。2 allow to enter 容纳,接待:to receive the guests warmly热情接待客人
receiver
[receiv(e);-er n.]。 n.收受者;听筒;接收机
reception
[re-;cept;-ion n.]。 n.接待;欢迎;接受,容纳
receptive
[re-;cept;-ive a.]。 a.能容纳的;可接受的
deceive
[de-=away离;ceive=to take取→“to take somebody away from what is true带某人离开真相”→]。 v. cause to believe what is false欺骗,蒙蔽:Deceive boys with toys
deceiver
[deceiv(e);-er n.]。 n.欺骗者,骗子
deception
[de-;cept;-ion n.]。 n.欺骗,蒙蔽;骗人的东西
deceptive
[de-;cept;-ive a.]。 a.骗人的;容易使人上当的
conceive
[con-=in入;ceive=to take取→“to take in取进,吸收”→]。 v.1 become pregnant怀(胎):to conceive a child怀孕 2 form in the mind构想,设想:I can't conceive why you said so.我想不出你为什么这样说。
conceivable
[conceiv(e);-able a.]。 a.可想到的,可想象的
conception
[con-;cept;-ion n.]。 n.概念;构想,设想;怀孕
conceptive
[con-;cept;-ive a.]。 a.有构想力的;构想的
conceptual
[con-;cept;-ual a.]。 a.概念的;概念艺术的
perceive
[per-=thoroughly完全;ceive=to take or grasp 握→“to grasp thoroughly完全掌握”→]。 v. grasp through the senses感觉,察觉:She perceived a faint aroma.她闻出一种淡淡的香味。
perceivable
[perceiv(e);-able a.]。 a.可感知的;有洞察力的
perception
[per-;cept;-ion n.]。 n.感知,感觉;察觉
perceptive
[per-;cept;-ive a.]。 a.感知的;有洞察力的
perceptual
[per-;cept;-ual a.]。 a.感知的;[心]知觉的
perceptible
[per-;cept;-ibe a.]。 a.可感知的;可察觉的
except
[ex-=out出;cept=to take取→“to take out取出,排除”→]。Iv. leave out or exclude把......除外:She was excepted from the short list.她被排除在首选名单之外。IIprep. but not除......外:He works every day except Sunday.除了星期天,他天天干活。
exception
[except v.;-ion n.]。 n.除外,例外;异议,反对
exceptive
[except v.;-ive a.]。 a.例外的,除外的,特殊的
exceptious
[except v.;-ious a.]。 a.好提异议的,喜欢反对的
incept
[in-=in在......中;cept=to take取→“to take in hand取在手中”→]。 v.1 begin开始:The party incepted 80 years ago.该党成立于80年前。2 complete the taking of a degree取得学位:to incept one's MA取得硕士学位
inception
[incept;-ion n.]。 n.开始,初期;学位授予典礼
inceptive
[incept;-ive a.]。 a.开始的,最初的
intercept
[inter-=between在......之间;cept=to take取→“to take between在中途取得”→]。 v. seize or stop on the way拦截,截住:The drug shipment was intercepted at the airport.那批毒品在机场被截获了。
interception
[intercept;-ion n.]。 n.拦截;截击;窃听
precept
[pre-=before在......之前;cept=to take取→“words taken before an action行动前应记取的话”→]。 n. a rule of action or behaviour;maxim规矩,戒律;箴言:Example is better than precept.身教重于言传。
perceptive
[per-;cept;-ive a.]。 a.规诫的,训诫的;规定的
susceptible
[sus-(sub-)=(up from) under自下而上;cept=to take取;-ible=able to be可被......的→“able to be taken up可被占取的”→]。 a.1easily affected by易受影响的:He is susceptible to suggestion.他没有主见。2easily influenced by feelings易受感动的,多情的:susceptible girls多情少女
susceptibility
[susceptib(le);-ility n.]。 n.敏感性;多情
hypersusceptible
[hyper-;susceptible a.]。 a.过敏的cap还有一个异体cip,以下是cip的几个主要的派生词。
anticipate
[anti-(ante-)=before前;cip=to take取;-ate v.→“to take before or realize before先取,先实现”→]。 v.1 do before others do先于......做成:The Chinese anticipated the European in discovery of gunpowder.中国人在欧洲人之前发现了火药。2 consider in advance预先考虑,预见:Our hotel anticipates your every need.本宾馆预先考虑到您的各种需要。3 expect期望,期待:We anticipate a good time at the party.我们期待着晚会上的愉快时光。
anticipation
[anticipat(e);-ion n.]。 n.期望;预期;先发制人
anticipative
[anticipat(e);-ive a.]。 a.预期的;先发制人的
principal
[prin=first首位;cip=to take取;-al a.=of......的→“of taking first占取首位的”→]。Ia. most important;chief首要的;主要的:principal city首府→II n. the chief person or head首长:the principal of school校长
participate
[part=part份儿,角色;-i-;cip=to take取;-ate v.→]。 v. take part or partake参加,参与:The teacher participated in the chil-dren's games.教师参加了孩子们的游戏。
participation
[participat(e);-ion n.]。 n.参与,参加;分享
participator
[participat(e);-or n.]。 n.参与者;分享者
emancipate
[e-(ex-)=out出;man=hand手;cip=take取;-ate v.→“to take out of one's hand从某人手中取出”→]。 v. set free or release解放,使不受束缚:Lincoln emancipated the slaves on Jan. 1st
emancipation
[emancipat(e);-ion n.]。 n.解放;无拘束
emancipator
[emancipat(e);-or n.]。 n.解放者