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Level 3

Unit 3 600 CE- 1450 CE


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aristocracy
group of land-owning elites
Caliph/Caliphate
government with a Muslim leader; leads religion and gov.
Chivalry
Knights behaving really well
city-state
City that is independent like a country
Civil Service
working for government
Cultural Diffusion
mix of 2 or more cultures
credit
borrowing money
decentralized
not one government in charge of the country (many smaller governments) (State capitals)
centralized
one government in charge of country (think Washington DC)
dowry
present given for marrying someone
Eastern Orthodox
First non,Catholic Christians; don’t like Pope power; have a Patriarch instead
fiefs
deeds to lands in feudalism
garrisons
areas where you keep your army
Gothic
style of architecture; pointed arches
Hajj
Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca
Heresy
saying something against religion
Hijab
veil for Muslim women
Infrastructure
building of roads, bridges, etc. to help a country/city/empire
Inquisition
catholics asking questions and torturing non-Catholics
Interrogation
asking a lot of questions
Islam
Religion started in 610 CE by Muhammad (merchant) who claimed he was Allah’s (god) Prophet; after he dies, spreads really fast
Literate
to be able to read and write
Matriarch
woman in charge
Matrilineal
women stay in power (African societies)
Medieval
Middle Ages
Meritocracy
you get what you earn
Migration
moving
Monetary System
how you use money
Mosque
Muslim church
Nation-state
a country
Orthodox
“the right way” of doing things
Patriarch
man in charge
Patriarchal
when men are in charge
Persecution
to treat people horribly; often kill/torture
Pilgrims
people who leave a place for religious reasons
Primogeniture
given all stuff to oldest son
Roman Catholic
Original Christian Church; “The Church”; The Pope leads; most Europeans are Catholic
Schism
split
Secluded
separated from (monks did this)
Serfs
poor peasants that could not leave land and had to do all work for Lords
Subordinate
ranking below someone
Submissive
to allow someone to control you
Theocracy
Government ruled by religious law
Tribute System
China and Aztecs collect items/money from surrounding tribes
Urbanization
creation of cities
Vassals
Someone who receives land and then protects their lord
Byzantium
former Eastern side of Rome; capital is Constantinople; Eastern Orthodox; conquered by Ottoman Turks
Black Death
disease that kills millions; starts in China; fleas on rats
Bubonic Plague
Black Death
Chang’an
old capital of China
Constantinople
capital of Byzantine empire; called Istanbul after Muslims conquered it
Crusades (1095-1291)
series of wars between Christians and Muslims for Holy Land (more Trade)
Feudalism
exchange of land for protection
Foot-binding
Song and Tang Chinese women were tie their feet up for beauty (symbol of patriarchy)
Charlemagne
United much of Europe under Holy Roman Empire; fought against Vikings; tried to pull out of Dark Ages; unsuccessful
Ghengis Khan
Mongol warrior who conquered all of Asia and largest empire in history
100 Years War
Britain vs. France; stalemate
Indian Ocean Trade
helps spread religions connects India to East Africa and SE Asia and Middle East; Swahili important language in East Africa
Justinian’s Code
Byzantine Laws; influence modern law; slaves had rights
Magna Carta (1215)
England; decreased power of king
Mansa Musa
Mali king that traveled from Africa to Mecca on a Hajj; spreading Islam and Gold
Neo-Confucianism
Confucianism, Daoism and Buddhism blend; still strict obedience to govt and family
Sacking of Constantinople
Muslim Turks conquer city of Constantinople in 1453 CE
Cyrillic Alphabet
language of Byzantines; spread to Russia
Great Schism (1054)
Christianity splits into Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox
Shinto
religion in Japan; animistic lots of meditation
Timbuktu
Rich African city; lots of gold and diamonds
Tenochtitlan
capital city of Aztecs; built on Lake; Mexico City
William the Conqueror
guy from Normandy France who conquered Britain and started the country of England