Level 1 Level 3
Level 2

Unit 2 600 BCE- 600 CE


57 words 0 ignored

Ready to learn       Ready to review

Ignore words

Check the boxes below to ignore/unignore words, then click save at the bottom. Ignored words will never appear in any learning session.

All None

Ignore?
Mauryan Empire
Earliest Indian Empire
Buddhism
- Religion, started by Buddha, believe in 4 Noble Truths, reaching Nirvana, reincarnation, mostly in East & SE Asia
Arabic Numerals
Our numbers: “1,2,3,4,5,etc.” Started in India but given to Europeans by Arabs
Qin Dynasty
Chinese Dynasty that practiced Legalism and built Great Wall; Shihuangdi was emperor
Han Dynasty
Chinese dynasty that was in power while Rome was; fell for similar reasons; practiced Confucianism; civil service exams to work for gov.
Persian Empire
Large Empire of Middle East; Fight against Greece a lot
Polis
greek word for city
Golden Age of Pericles
When Athens was a successful Direct Democracy
Delian League
Greek alliance that fought against the Persians
Hellenism
Greek culture
Patricians
rich people in Rome
Plebeians
poor people in Rome
Twelve Tables
Laws in Rome; innocent til proven guilty; right to a trial
First Triumvirate
Julius Caesar
Second Triumvirate
Marc Antony
Pax Romana
Peace in Rome; lots of trade; under Augustus; Rome does well; 200 years
Paganism
worship of false idols
Christianity
Religion based on Jesus’ teachings; monotheistic; starts with a group of Jews; spreads into Rome; later divides first in 1054 with Great Schism; then again in 1500s with Protestant Reformation
The Edict of Milan
Legalized Christianity
Classical Period
600 BCE
Zoroastrianism
old monotheistic religion in Persia; lot like Christianity
Silk Road
trade routes connected Rome to China
Polytheism
belief in many gods
Confucianism
Chinese belief system that focuses on respecting those in authority over you (Filial Piety); Analects are its book; obey parents
Daoism
spiritual belief system for the Chinese; focuses on nature
Legalism
strict laws with harsh punishments to control all people
Hinduism
Indian
Judaism
oldest monotheistic religion; believe in “God” or “Yahweh”; leads to Christianity and Islam
Theravada
type of Buddhism
Mahayana
type of Buddhism (more gods)
4 Noble Truths
Laws of Buddhism; give up selfish desire in order to reach Nirvana
Rock and Pillar Edicts
written by Asoka in Maurya India; tell people to respect Buddhists
Chandragupta Maurya
Empeoror who conquered and united India; started Maurya dynasty
Asoka
Indian Maurya emperor
Qin Shihuangdi
cruel emperor of Qin Dynasty
Xiongnu
northern nomads who kept attacking Han China
Wu Ti
Han emperor who conquered much land
Phoenicians
people who lived in N. Africa; create ALPHABET and practiced human sacrifice
Hebrews
Jews
Athens
Greek City State; democracy
Sparta
Greek city state; warrior society
Pericles
leader of Athens; liked democracy
Homer
author of Iliad and Odyssey
Macedonians
people of north who conquered Greece (Alexander the Great)
Alexander the Great
first great conqueror of Greece
Hannibal
guy from Carthage who took elephants and almost conquered Rome
Julius Caesar
Great Roman dictator/general; loved by people; assassinated by Senate
Octavian (Augustus)
1st Roman emperor; saw a golden age; did good job
Constantine
Roman emperor who legalized Christianity
Diocletian
emperor split Rome into the East and West
The Huns & The Goths
Barbarians who helped conquer Rome
Gupta Empire
Indian Empire that came after Maurya; saw a golden age of math and science and art
Great Wall of China
wall built to keep the Xiongnu and others out; #FAIL
Peloponnesian War
Civil War in Greece that made it weak and easy for Macedonians to conquer
Persian Wars
Greeks vs. Persians; Stalemate
Punic Wars
Carthage vs. Rome; Rome wins
Constantinople
new capital of Eastern Roman Empire (named after Constantine)