Level 2
Level 1

Unit 1 8000 BCE- 600 BCE


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agrarian
having to do with land and its cultivation - farming
clans/bands
small groups
barbarian
uneducated/uncivilized violet people
bureaucracy
non-elected government officials; large body of government
civilization
Society with culture, religion, economy, politics (gov.)
city-state
independent city (the city is its own country) (Athens, Sparta, Rome, Vatican City)
domestication
(n) tame animals for human use (ie as a pet, or farm animal)
egalitarian
(adj)- Everybody is equal (hunter-gatherers)
hierarchy
a system of levels that places people high or low according to their importance
irrigation
(n) carrying of water to fields
monarchy
(n) government with a king or queen
monotheism
(n) belief in one god (Islam, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity)
Neolithic
(adj) beginning of farming
nomadic
(adj) a person who does not stay long in the same place; a wanderer
pastoral
(adj) People that herd animals
Paleolithic
(adj) Stone-age; before farming
polytheism
(n) belief in many gods
River Valley
(n) land near river (fertile)
sedentary
(adj) stay in one place
subsistence
(n) the fact of living on minimum levels (enough to survive)
surplus
(n) extra stuff (usually referred to food)
theocracy
(n) Government based on or ruled by religion
Qin China
(n) 3rd Chinese Dynasty; practiced Legalism; very brief rule
Bronze Age
(n) time period after Neolithic Rev.; people used bronze (armor, swords, army)
Code of Hammurabi
(n) First set of laws EVER Eye 4 Eye
cuneiform
(n) wedge shaped writing in Mesopotamia
Indian Ocean Trade
(n) Trade b/w S. Asia, E. Africa. SE Asia (Muslims & Chinese & Indians)
Jewish Diaspora
(n) dispersion of Jews (kicking them out of homeland)
Legalism
(n) Harsh punishments/laws in Qin China
Shang Civilization
(n) 1st Chinese Dynasty; Start near Yellow & Yangtze Rivers