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Level 8

Terms relating to Tissues, Organs, and Systems


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abdominal
space between the diaphragm and hip bones; houses the major digestive organs
alimentary
pertaining to food or nutrition (alimentary canal)
arterial
pertaining to arteries or the blood in them
articular
pertaining to a joint
autonomic
occurring involuntarily
axial
trunk and skull (skeleton)
bowel
division of the intestine
bronchial
pertaining to air tubes of the lungs
capillary
smallest blood vessels
cardiac
pertaining to the heart
cardiac muscle tissue
specialized form of involuntary muscle tissue found only in the heart
cardiovascular
pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
cavity
space or hollow within the body
cerebral
pertaining to the brain, the cerebrum in particular
cervical
pertaining to the neck or cervix
cilia
small hairlike structures
circulatory
pertaining to blood circulation
cloaca
urogenital chamber of birds into which the intestinal, urinary, and generative canals discharge
coccygeal
tail area
collateral
secondary or accessory
colon
part of the large intestine
copulatory
pertaining to sexual intercourse
connective tissue
tissue specializing in connection and support of body parts
coronary
regarding the heart
cranial
pertaining to the space enclosed by the skull; houses the brain and pituitary gland
cutaneous
relating to the skin
deciduous
falling out at the end of a stage or season; first set of teeth
dental
pertaining to teeth or dentistry
diaphragm
muscular wall dividing thoracic and abdominal cavities
diaphragmatic
pertaining to the diaphragm
diastolic
regarding the relaxation of heart muscle, allowing heart chambers to fill with blood
digestive
regarding the conversion of food into chemical substances the body uses
digital
pertaining to fingers or toes
duodenal
pertaining to the duodenum
duodenum
the first or proximal portion of the small intestine
endocrine
secreting internally; relating to endocrine glands
epidermal
relating to the outer layer of skin
epithelial tissue
tissue that protects, lines, or invests body organs
esophagus
tubular food passage between the neck and stomach
excretory
relating to the discharge of waste
exocrine
external secretion of a gland
extremities
terminal portions: legs, feet, hooves, paws
fascial
connective tissue membrane
fecal
relating to feces (stool or excrement)
genetic
relating to biological heredity
genital
pertaining to the reproductive organs
hormonal
relating to hormones
integumentary
pertaining to the skin of the body
intestinal
pertaining to the large or small intestine
invest
cover or surround a part of the body
involuntary muscle tissue
muscle tissues that are automatically controlled by the nervous system
larynx
upper part of the trachea (windpipe)
lumbar
pertaining to the lower back
lymphatic
pertaining to lymph or lymphatic vessels
mediastinum
the mass of tissues and organs separating the two lungs
metabolic
relating to metabolism
mucuous
secreting mucus or covered by mucus
mucus
slippery secretion of mucous membranes, acts like a lubrication
muscle tissue
tissue with the power to contract and thus produce movement; can be skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, or cardiac muscle
muscular
pertaining to the muscles
nerve tissue
tissue that carries nerve impulses
nervous
pertaining to the nerves
peritoneum
peritoneum
pleural cavity
space between lungs and pleura
reproductive
concerning the production of offspring
respiratory
pertaining to the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the atmosphere and body cells
skeletal
pertaining to the bones of the body
spinal cavity
spaces within the vertebrae; houses the spinal cord
striated
striped, as in the appearance of voluntary (skeletal) muscles
thoracic cavity
space between the neck and diaphragm; houses the lungs
urinary
pertaining to the system of urine excretion
urogenital
pertaining to organs of excretion and reproduction
vascular
relating to vessels for passage of bodily fluids
viscus, pl. viscera
internal organ(s), particularly those of the abdominal cavity
voluntary muscle tissue
muscle tissues controlled by conscious effort; also called skeletal muscle