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Organelles/Other Cell Terms


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Centrioles
structures that function in cell reproduction
cilia
hairlike extensions on the surface of those cells capable of movement
endoplasmic reticulum
membrane network of “roads” and “channels” that wind through cytoplasm
flagella
a sperm cell’s “tail”
Golgi bodies
sacs that make and transport carbohydrate compounds
lysosomes
the cell’s “digestive system”
mitochondria
“power plants” that burn food in the presence of oxygen to make cell energy
ribosomes
“protein factories” that make proteins
anabolism
the building metabolic phase; grows, maintains, and repairs body structures
biology
the study of life and life processes
catabolism
the breaking-down metabolic phase; producing energy from food and oxygen
chromosomes
short, tightly-coiled rods that contain genes
CYT/O-
cell
cytoplasm
substance between plasma membrane and nucleus of all cells
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid, the chemical genes are made of
genes
regions of DNA organized into the body’s “blueprint”
KARY/O-
nucleus
karyoplasm
substance of nucleus
karyotype
picture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell
metabolism
the chemical processes by which cells obtain and use energy
nucleus
spheroid body within a cell that dictates protein production; controls transport, metabolism, growth, heredity
organelles
structures within cytoplasm
-PLASM
formative, formed material
plasma membrane
the outside boundary of the cell
RNA
Ribonucleic acid, needed for production of protein within cells
tissue fluid
salt water solution that bathes every cell in the body