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General Veterinary Terminology


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abrasion
irritation of skin or mucous membrane
anemia
red blood cell deficiency
anesthetic
relating to anesthesia; an anesthetic agent, causing a loss of feeling
antibiotic
substance that destroys disease-causing bacteria
antibody
substance formed by the body to counteract antigens
anticoagulant
substance that hinders blood clotting
antigen
substance that stimulates the body’s immune system
antiseptic
clean; preventing the growth of microorganisms
antivenin
substance that counteracts the toxicity of venom
apnea
periodic cessation of breathing
arthritis
joint inflammation
artificial respiration
rhythmic forcing of air into lungs that have stopped breathing
aseptic technique
procedure for preventing infection
atrophic rhinitis
the wasting away of mucous membranes or glands
avulsion
detachment or tearing away of a body part
bacteria
microscopic plants, often parasitic and disease-causing
biopsy
removal and examination of tissues for diagnosis
brucellosis
an infection caused by brucella bacteria
canine distemper
viral disease of dogs, marked by fever and respiratory problems
canine parvovirus
virus that causes a deadly disease in dogs
cardiomyopathy
chronic disorder of the heart, common in dogs
catheterization
introduction of a catheter into a body part
colic
acute abdominal pain; common in horses
coagulant
agent that produces blood clotting
coma
state of deep unconsciousness
compress
folded cloth or pad applied so as to press on a body part
constipation
infrequent, difficult passage of dry feces
convulsion
uncontrolled, violent muscle contraction
cortisone
anti-inflammatory hormone
cropping
cosmetic surgical removal of large portion of a dog’s ear
cystitis
inflammation of the bladder
diabetes insipidus
diabetic condition caused by pituitary disorder
diabetes mellitus
diabetic condition caused by an inadequate supply of insulin
disinfectant
agent that destroys infection
dissociative agent
anesthetic that chemically dissociates (separates out) perceptions of pain
docking
cosmetic surgical removal of a portion of a dog’s tail
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
emesis
regurgitation (vomiting)
endotracheal intubation
placement of a tube through the trachea
enema
injection of liquid through the anus to empty the intestine
endogenous
originating from within the organism
enzootic pneumonia
infection of the lungs found in specific kinds of animals
epiphysis
part of bone where growth occurs; often breakage site in young animals
euthanasia
merciful, painless killing of an injured or ill animal
exogenous
originating from outside the organism
external
occurring on the outside
feline panleukopenia
viral leukemia of cats, usually fatal
feline infectious
infectious inflammation of the peritoneum of cats peritonitis
feline urolithiasis
condition in cats; caused by mineral deposits in the urinary tract
fracture
break in bone; rupture
gastroenteritis
inflammation of the membrane lining the stomach and intestines
halitosis
bad breath
Heimlich maneuver
procedure to remove obstruction from the windpipe of a choking victim
hematocrit
laboratory procedure to determine the percentage of red blood cells in the blood
hemophilia
condition of delayed blood clotting
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
herpes virus
inflammatory virus that reproduces in the cell nucleus
hydrothorax
excess fluid in the lining of the lungs
hyperthyroidism
excessive function of the thyroid gland
hypertrophy
exaggerated growth
hypnotic
trance-like state produced without drugs, or a drug that causes a hypnotic state
hypothyroidism
deficient activity of the thyroid gland
immunity
ability to resist disease
incision
cut made into the body
inhalant
medication breathed in
internal
occurring on the inside
laceration
wound produced by tearing, as opposed to cutting, of body tissue
leptospirosis
infectious canine disease; part of routine dog vaccination
lethargic
sluggish
leukemia
disease of the white blood cells
luxation
dislocation
lymphosarcoma
malignant lymph tumor tending to spread freely; common in cattle
malignant catarrhal fever
mucous membrane inflammation; common in cattle
mastitis
inflammation of the breast
neutralize
counteract the effect of
palpate
examine by touch
parainfluenza
viral infection of the respiratory tract; part of routine dog vaccination
parasite
organism living on or in another organism
pathology
the structural and functional signs of disease, or study of its essential nature
phenylbutazone toxicity
reaction to the anti-inflammatory analgesic phenylbutazone
pneumonic pasteurellosis
infection of the lungs; found in cattle
pneumothorax
air in the pleural cavity
polydipsia
excessive thirst
polyphagia
excessive appetite
polyuria
excessive urination
prolapse
slipping of a body part from its usual position
puncture (verb)
the act of piercing with a pointed object or instrument
puncture (noun)
a wound made with a pointed object or instrument
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney and pelvis caused by bacterial infection
rabies
acute infectious viral disease of the central nervous system
radiograph
X-ray photograph
radiology
the use of radiant energy (X-rays) in diagnosis and treatment
reduction
returning of broken bones to correct position
rupture
tearing or breaking apart of a tissue
sedative
tranquilizing drug
serology
tests using blood serum
smear
material spread on a slide for microscopic examination
specimen
small amount of a body fluid used in laboratory tests
sterile
free from microorganisms
sterile
drug that produces increased body functions
superficial
near the surface
surgery
operative or manual procedure to correct a health condition
symptom
indication of the presence of disease
tetanus
acute infectious disease usually introduced through a wound
toxic
poisonous
toxoplasmosis
a contagious disease of all species caused by Toxoplasma gondii
vaccine
artificial immunization agent
zoonosis
disease of animals that can be transmitted to humans