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Level 11

Surgical Devices


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armamentarium
all equipment used in the practice of medicine
arthroscope
instrument inserted into joint cavity to inspect contents
aspirator
hollow instrument used to withdraw fluid, especially from body cavities, cysts, or joints
autoclave
device used to sterilize instruments with pressurized, superheated steam
bistoury
narrow-bladed surgical knife used to open abscesses and make small incisions
catheter
tube inserted into narrow opening for removal or introduction of fluids
clamp
surgical instrument used to compress blood vessel or close off end of intestine
cord clamp
flexible band used to compress part or close off opening
Curette
spoon-shaped instrument used to scrape tissue from body cavities
cystoscope
instrument used to view interior of bladder
diathermy knife
electrode-tipped blade used to coagulate tissue or small blood vessels
drain
tube or wick used to draw fluid from body cavity to surface
drain tube
tube used to drain fluid from inside body
endoscope
slender, tubular instrument used for viewing and examining interior body parts
float
an instrument used to file or rasp a horse’s premolar and molar teeth
fluoroscope
fluorescent screen on which x-rays may be viewed
forceps
any of various instruments used to grasp and pull objects
hemostat
device used to stop or prevent hemorrhaging
hypodermic
needle and syringe used for injection under the skin
inhalant anesthesia
anesthesia administered by inhaling
inhalator
device that administers medicinal vapors
kymograph
instrument that measures and records pulse pressure variations
lancet
wide, two-edged, pointed surgical knife
ligature
nylon, wire, or catgut tied around structure to prevent bleeding
local anesthesia
anesthesia used to numb a specific area without causing loss of consciousness
nebulizer
device that applies a fine mist
ophthalmoscope
instrument that directs fine beams of light into eye to examine its interior
probe
thin, flexible, metal rod with blunt end, used to explore cavities and wounds
proctoscope
hollow, tube-shaped instrument for inspection of rectum
regional anesthesia
anesthesia applied to a limb or an entire section of the body
respirator
device inflating lungs with mixture of oxygen and air to maintain respiration
respirometer
device used to measure extent of respiration
resuscitator
artificial respiration device that forces oxygen into lungs
retractor
instrument that draws aside edges of skin or tissue to expose operational site
scalpel
small, pointed surgical knife with convex blade edge, used to cut tissue
scope
flexible fiber optic instrument for inspection of interior of body
scrub suit
gown, often green, worn in surgery by doctors
snare
wire noose used for surgical removal of tumors or polyps by the roots
sound
rodlike instrument with curved end, used to explore or dilate body structures
speculum
instrument that holds open a cavity, especially vagina or ear, for inspection
sphygmograph
instrument for measuring and recording arterial pulse
spirograph
instrument used to record tracing of respiratory movements
stethoscope
diaphragm connected to earpieces, used to listen to sounds within the body
stitches
sterile thread used to close a wound or surgical opening; suture
surgical gloves
sheer, hygienic plastic gloves worn by surgeons
surgical gown
sterile cotton gown worn by operating room personnel; scrub suit
surgical instruments
various sterilized tools used in surgery
surgical mask
cotton mask worn over mouth and nose by surgeons
surgical needle
suture needle
surgical sponge
soft, sterile material that absorbs blood and body fluids during surgery
surgical staple
device used to close surgical opening without sutures
suture
sterile thread used to stitch closed a wound or surgical opening; stitches
suture needle
needle used to make sutures; surgical needle
syringe
piston in tube attached to hollow needle
topical anesthesia
anesthesia applied to the skin to “numb” a surface area
wick
thin, absorbent thread inserted into body cavity for drainage
X-ray machine
device that emits radiation and takes diagnostic radiographic photos
xyster
surgical instrument for scraping bones