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the movement of a wave retreating back to sea away from the beach
sheltered area of coastline made from soft rock
When areas of land are flooded by the sea.
The processes and plans applied to coastal areas by local authorities and agencies
layers of hard and soft rock which lay parallel against the coastline
wave which has a larger swash than backwash
Placing sand and sediment in a certain place by a wave erosion transportation or humans.
A wave which has a larger backwash than swash
coast layers of hard and soft rock which run vertically against the coastline forming headlands and bays.
An approach that allows natural processes to take their course without any intervention
breaking down of rock and sediment
the distance a wave travels before hitting the coastline
The way in which the rocks are arranged both vertically and horizontally
a heavily managed area of the coastline e.g. sea wall groyne
Coast more resistant rock which is harder to erode or weather e.g. granite
outcrop of land at sea made from hard rock
approach An approach to environmental management that threats the whole area as an interrelated system
A sustainable method of coastal management managing the whole coastal area from the shoreline to several kilometres inland as one area.
Process of sediment moving along the coastline.
The down slope movement by gravity of soil and/or rock by the processes of slumping falling sliding and flowing
coast less resistant rock which is easily eroded or weathered e.g. limestone
sand and sediment which is attached to the coastline but sticks out at sea
A detached column of rock located just offshore
The reorganisation of coastal defences that is often part of managed retreat
A stack that has collapsed leaving a small area of rock above sea-level
processes the weathering of rock and the impacts of wind and rain