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somber
adj. gloomy; depressing; dark; drab
somnolent
adj. half asleep
sonorous
adj. resonant
sophisticated
adj. worldly-wise and urbane; complex
sophistry
n. seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning
sophomoric
adj. immature; half-baked; like a sophomore
soporific
adj. sleep-causing; marked by sleepiness
sordid
adj. vile; filthy; wretched; mean
sovereign
adj. efficacious; supreme or paramount; self-governing
spangle
n. small metallic piece sewn to clothing for ornamentation
sparse
adj. not thick; thinly scattered; scanty
spartan
adj. avoiding luxury and comfort; sternly disciplined
spasmodic
adj. fitful; periodic
spat
n. squabble; minor dispute
spate
n. sudden flood or strong outburst; a large number or amount
spatial
adj. relating to space
spatula
n. broad-bladed instrument used for spreading or mixing
spawn
v. lay eggs
specious
adj. seemingly reasonable but incorrect; misleading (often intentionally)
spectrum
n. colored band produced when beam of light passes through a prism
spendthrift
n. somebody who wastes money
sphinx-like
adj. enigmatic; mysterious
splice
v. fasten together; unite
spontaneity
n. lack of premeditation; naturalness; freedom from constraint
sporadic
adj. occurring irregularly
sportive
adj. playful
spry
adj. vigorously active; nimble
spurious
adj. false; counterfeit; forged; illogical
spurn
v. reject; scorn
squabble
n. minor quarrel; bickering
squalor
n. filth; degradation; dirty, neglected state
squander
v. waste
squat
adj. stocky; short and thick
staccato
adj. played in an abrupt manner; marked by abrupt sharp sound
stagnant
adj. motionless; stale; dull
staid
adj. not amusing or interesting; boring and old-fashioned; sober; sedate
stalemate
n. deadlock
stalwart
adj. strong and vigorous; unwaveringly dependable
stamina
n. strength; staying power
stanch
v. check flow of blood
stanza
n. division of a poem
static
adj. unchanging; lacking development
statute
n. law enacted by the legislature
steadfast
adj. loyal; unswerving
stealth
n. slyness; sneakiness; secretiveness
steep
v. soak; saturate
stellar
adj. pertaining to the stars
stem
v. check the flow
stem from
v. arise from
stereotype
n. fixed and unvarying representation; standardized mental picture, often reflecting prejudice
stifle
v. suppress; extinguish; inhibit
stigma
n. token of disgrace; brand
stigmatize
v. brand; mark as wicked
stilted
adj. bombastic; inflated
stint
n. supply; allotted amount; assigned portion of work
stint
v. be thrifty; set limits
stipend
n. pay for services
stipulate
v. make express conditions; specify
stodgy
adj. stuffy; boringly conservative
stoic
adj. impassive; unmoved by joy or grief
stoke
v. stir up a fire; feed plentifully
stolid
adj. unruffled; impassive; dull
stratagem
n. deceptive scheme
stratify
v. divide into classes; be arranged into strata
stratum
n. layer of earth's surface
strew
v. spread randomly; sprinkle; scatter
striated
adj. marked with parallel bands; grooved
stricture
n. restriction; adverse criticism
strident
adj. loud and harsh; insistent
stringent
adj. severe; rigid; constricted
strut
n. pompous walk; swagger; supporting bar
studied
adj. not spontaneous; deliberate; thoughtful
stultify
v. cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistent; frustrate or hinder
stupefy
v. make numb; stun; amaze
stupor
n. state of apathy; daze; lack of awareness
stymie
v. present an obstacle; stump
suavity
n. urbanity; polish
subdued
adj. less intense; quieter
subjective
adj. occurring or taking place within subject; unreal
subjugate
v. conquer; bring under control
sublime
adj. exalted or noble and uplifting; utter