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Level 2

Basic Concepts and Terminology 2


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operationalization
defining measurable indicators for a concept that's not otherwise directly measurable
robustness
reflection of how well a concept is operationalized (because different operationalizations produce consistent results)
validity
how well the study actually reflects the real measured phenomenon (the real state of the world)
reliability
whether a technique used repeatedly and by different people will yield the same result every time
replication
(a.k.a. reproducibility) where the findings of a research project can be obtained by a different researcher
generalizability
the extent to which the research findings will apply to a larger population
model
a mental or mathematical representation of a research topic or domain
method
a specific research technique
warrantability
the quality of a study being trustworthy and sound (well-designed, well-documented and conducted in an orderly fashion, coherent, plausible and fruitful)
transferrability
the quality of research findings to be useful to researchers working in similar contexts
methodology
a general and systematic approach to studying a phenomenon
framework
the set of ideas and approaches used to view and study a domain
concept
an idea derived from a model or a framework
tool
an instrument used as part of a research method or technique
typology
list or division of categories (types) found within a given model
empirical research
research seeking new data and evidence which can be observed or measured in the real world
conceptual research
research that seeks to define or refine concepts, interpret ideas or combine concepts into larger systems
action research
research that tackles real world problems to produce action and change in the real world
evaluative research
research that seeks to establish the value or effectiveness of an initiative after it's been implemented
literature review
systematic discussion of existing scholarship on a research topic